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  • unicode_normalize.rb

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String

Public Instance Methods

unicode_normalize(form=:nfc) click to toggle source

Unicode Normalization

Returns a normalized form of str, using Unicode normalizations NFC, NFD, NFKC, or NFKD. The normalization form used is determined by form, which is any of the four values :nfc, :nfd, :nfkc, or :nfkd. The default is :nfc.

If the string is not in a Unicode Encoding, then an Exception is raised. In this context, 'Unicode Encoding' means any of UTF-8, UTF-16BE/LE, and UTF-32BE/LE, as well as GB18030, UCS_2BE, and UCS_4BE. Anything else than UTF-8 is implemented by converting to UTF-8, which makes it slower than UTF-8.

Examples

"a\u0300".unicode_normalize        #=> 'à' (same as "\u00E0")
"a\u0300".unicode_normalize(:nfc)  #=> 'à' (same as "\u00E0")
"\u00E0".unicode_normalize(:nfd)   #=> 'à' (same as "a\u0300")
"\xE0".force_encoding('ISO-8859-1').unicode_normalize(:nfd)
                                   #=> Encoding::CompatibilityError raised
 
               # File unicode_normalize.rb, line 32
def unicode_normalize(form = :nfc)
  require 'unicode_normalize/normalize.rb' unless defined? UnicodeNormalize
  ## The following line can be uncommented to avoid repeated checking for
  ## UnicodeNormalize. However, tests didn't show any noticeable speedup
  ## when doing this. This comment also applies to the commented out lines
  ## in String#unicode_normalize! and String#unicode_normalized?.
  # String.send(:define_method, :unicode_normalize, ->(form = :nfc) { UnicodeNormalize.normalize(self, form) } )
  UnicodeNormalize.normalize(self, form)
end
            
unicode_normalize!(form=:nfc) click to toggle source

Destructive version of #unicode_normalize, doing Unicode normalization in place.

 
               # File unicode_normalize.rb, line 48
def unicode_normalize!(form = :nfc)
  require 'unicode_normalize/normalize.rb' unless defined? UnicodeNormalize
  # String.send(:define_method, :unicode_normalize!, ->(form = :nfc) { replace(unicode_normalize(form)) } )
  replace(unicode_normalize(form))
end
            
unicode_normalized?(form=:nfc) click to toggle source

Checks whether str is in Unicode normalization form form, which is any of the four values :nfc, :nfd, :nfkc, or :nfkd. The default is :nfc.

If the string is not in a Unicode Encoding, then an Exception is raised. For details, see #unicode_normalize.

Examples

"a\u0300".unicode_normalized?        #=> false
"a\u0300".unicode_normalized?(:nfd)  #=> true
"\u00E0".unicode_normalized?         #=> true
"\u00E0".unicode_normalized?(:nfd)   #=> false
"\xE0".force_encoding('ISO-8859-1').unicode_normalized?
                                     #=> Encoding::CompatibilityError raised
 
               # File unicode_normalize.rb, line 73
def unicode_normalized?(form = :nfc)
  require 'unicode_normalize/normalize.rb' unless defined? UnicodeNormalize
  # String.send(:define_method, :unicode_normalized?, ->(form = :nfc) { UnicodeNormalize.normalized?(self, form) } )
  UnicodeNormalize.normalized?(self, form)
end