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  • openssl/ossl.c

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OpenSSL::Random

Public Class Methods

egd(filename) → true click to toggle source

Same as ::egd_bytes but queries 255 bytes by default.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_egd(VALUE self, VALUE filename)
{
    rb_check_safe_obj(filename);

    if (RAND_egd(StringValueCStr(filename)) == -1) {
        ossl_raise(eRandomError, NULL);
    }
    return Qtrue;
}
            
egd_bytes(filename, length) → true click to toggle source

Queries the entropy gathering daemon EGD on socket path given by filename.

Fetches length number of bytes and uses ::add to seed the OpenSSL built-in PRNG.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_egd_bytes(VALUE self, VALUE filename, VALUE len)
{
    int n = NUM2INT(len);

    rb_check_safe_obj(filename);

    if (RAND_egd_bytes(StringValueCStr(filename), n) == -1) {
        ossl_raise(eRandomError, NULL);
    }
    return Qtrue;
}
            
load_random_file(filename) → true click to toggle source

Reads bytes from filename and adds them to the PRNG.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_load_file(VALUE self, VALUE filename)
{
    rb_check_safe_obj(filename);

    if(!RAND_load_file(StringValueCStr(filename), -1)) {
        ossl_raise(eRandomError, NULL);
    }
    return Qtrue;
}
            
pseudo_bytes(length) → string click to toggle source

Generates string with length number of pseudo-random bytes.

Pseudo-random byte sequences generated by ::pseudo_bytes will be unique if they are of sufficient length, but are not necessarily unpredictable.

Example

OpenSSL::Random.pseudo_bytes(12)
#=> "..."
 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_pseudo_bytes(VALUE self, VALUE len)
{
    VALUE str;
    int n = NUM2INT(len);

    str = rb_str_new(0, n);
    if (RAND_pseudo_bytes((unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(str), n) < 1) {
        ossl_raise(eRandomError, NULL);
    }

    return str;
}
            
add(str, entropy) → self click to toggle source

Mixes the bytes from str into the Pseudo Random Number Generator(PRNG) state.

Thus, if the data from str are unpredictable to an adversary, this increases the uncertainty about the state and makes the PRNG output less predictable.

The entropy argument is (the lower bound of) an estimate of how much randomness is contained in str, measured in bytes.

Example

pid = $$
now = Time.now
ary = [now.to_i, now.nsec, 1000, pid]
OpenSSL::Random.add(ary.join, 0.0)
OpenSSL::Random.seed(ary.join)
 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_add(VALUE self, VALUE str, VALUE entropy)
{
    StringValue(str);
    RAND_add(RSTRING_PTR(str), RSTRING_LENINT(str), NUM2DBL(entropy));

    return self;
}
            
random_bytes(length) → string click to toggle source

Generates string with length number of cryptographically strong pseudo-random bytes.

Example

OpenSSL::Random.random_bytes(12)
#=> "..."
 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_bytes(VALUE self, VALUE len)
{
    VALUE str;
    int n = NUM2INT(len);
    int ret;

    str = rb_str_new(0, n);
    ret = RAND_bytes((unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(str), n);
    if (ret == 0) {
        ossl_raise(eRandomError, "RAND_bytes");
    } else if (ret == -1) {
        ossl_raise(eRandomError, "RAND_bytes is not supported");
    }

    return str;
}
            
seed(str) → str click to toggle source

::seed is equivalent to ::add where entropy is length of str.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_seed(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
    StringValue(str);
    RAND_seed(RSTRING_PTR(str), RSTRING_LENINT(str));

    return str;
}
            
status? => true | false click to toggle source

Return true if the PRNG has been seeded with enough data, false otherwise.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_status(VALUE self)
{
    return RAND_status() ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}
            
write_random_file(filename) → true click to toggle source

Writes a number of random generated bytes (currently 1024) to filename which can be used to initialize the PRNG by calling ::load_random_file in a later session.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_rand_write_file(VALUE self, VALUE filename)
{
    rb_check_safe_obj(filename);

    if (RAND_write_file(StringValueCStr(filename)) == -1) {
        ossl_raise(eRandomError, NULL);
    }
    return Qtrue;
}