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  • mkmf.rb

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MakeMakefile

mkmf.rb is used by ruby C extensions to generate a Makefile which will correctly compile and link the C extension to ruby and a third-party library.

Constants

CLEANINGS

Makefile rules that will clean the extension build directory

COMMON_HEADERS

Common headers for ruby C extensions

COMMON_LIBS

Common libraries for ruby C extensions

COMPILE_C

Command which will compile C files in the generated Makefile

COMPILE_CXX

Command which will compile C++ files in the generated Makefile

COMPILE_RULES

make compile rules

CONFIG

The makefile configuration using the defaults from when ruby was built.

CXX_EXT

Extensions for files complied with a C++ compiler

C_EXT

Extensions for files compiled with a C compiler

EXPORT_PREFIX
HDR_EXT

Extensions for header files

LIBARG

Argument which will add a library to the linker

LIBPATHFLAG

Argument which will add a library path to the linker

LINK_SO

Command which will link a shared library

MAIN_DOES_NOTHING

A C main function which does no work

ORIG_LIBPATH
RPATHFLAG
RULE_SUBST
SRC_EXT

Extensions for source files

TRY_LINK

Command which will compile a program in order to test linking a library

UNIVERSAL_INTS

Public Instance Methods

check_signedness(type, headers = nil, opts = nil, &b) click to toggle source

Returns the signedness of the given type. You may optionally specify additional headers to search in for the type.

If the type is found and is a numeric type, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the type name, in uppercase, prepended with SIGNEDNESS_OF_, followed by the type name, followed by =X where “X” is positive integer if the type is unsigned and a negative integer if the type is signed.

For example, if size_t is defined as unsigned, then check_signedness('size_t') would return +1 and the SIGNEDNESS_OF_SIZE_T=+1 preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler. The SIGNEDNESS_OF_INT=-1 macro would be set for check_signedness('int')

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1307
def check_signedness(type, headers = nil, opts = nil, &b)
  typedef, member, prelude = typedef_expr(type, headers)
  signed = nil
  checking_for("signedness of #{type}", STRING_OR_FAILED_FORMAT) do
    signed = try_signedness(typedef, member, [prelude], opts, &b) or next nil
    $defs.push("-DSIGNEDNESS_OF_%s=%+d" % [type.tr_cpp, signed])
    signed < 0 ? "signed" : "unsigned"
  end
  signed
end
            
check_sizeof(type, headers = nil, opts = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns the size of the given type. You may optionally specify additional headers to search in for the type.

If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the type name, in uppercase, prepended with SIZEOF_, followed by the type name, followed by =X where “X” is the actual size.

For example, if check_sizeof('mystruct') returned 12, then the SIZEOF_MYSTRUCT=12 preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1278
def check_sizeof(type, headers = nil, opts = "", &b)
  typedef, member, prelude = typedef_expr(type, headers)
  prelude << "static #{typedef} *rbcv_ptr_;\n"
  prelude = [prelude]
  expr = "sizeof((*rbcv_ptr_)#{"." << member if member})"
  fmt = STRING_OR_FAILED_FORMAT
  checking_for checking_message("size of #{type}", headers), fmt do
    if size = try_constant(expr, prelude, opts, &b)
      $defs.push(format("-DSIZEOF_%s=%s", type.tr_cpp, size))
      size
    end
  end
end
            
convertible_int(type, headers = nil, opts = nil, &b) click to toggle source

Returns the convertible integer type of the given type. You may optionally specify additional headers to search in for the type. convertible means actually the same type, or typedef’d from the same type.

If the type is a integer type and the convertible type is found, the following macros are passed as preprocessor constants to the compiler using the type name, in uppercase.

  • TYPEOF_, followed by the type name, followed by =X where "X" is the found convertible type name.

  • TYP2NUM and NUM2TYP, where TYP is the type name in uppercase with replacing an _t suffix with "T", followed by =X where "X" is the macro name to convert type to an Integer object, and vice versa.

For example, if foobar_t is defined as unsigned long, then convertible_int("foobar_t") would return “unsigned long”, and define these macros:

#define TYPEOF_FOOBAR_T unsigned long
#define FOOBART2NUM ULONG2NUM
#define NUM2FOOBART NUM2ULONG
 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1342
def convertible_int(type, headers = nil, opts = nil, &b)
  type, macname = *type
  checking_for("convertible type of #{type}", STRING_OR_FAILED_FORMAT) do
    if UNIVERSAL_INTS.include?(type)
      type
    else
      typedef, member, prelude = typedef_expr(type, headers, &b)
      if member
        prelude << "static rbcv_typedef_ rbcv_var;"
        compat = UNIVERSAL_INTS.find {|t|
          try_static_assert("sizeof(rbcv_var.#{member}) == sizeof(#{t})", [prelude], opts, &b)
        }
      else
        next unless signed = try_signedness(typedef, member, [prelude])
        u = "unsigned " if signed > 0
        prelude << "extern rbcv_typedef_ foo();"
        compat = UNIVERSAL_INTS.find {|t|
          try_compile([prelude, "extern #{u}#{t} foo();"].join("\n"), opts, :werror=>true, &b)
        }
      end
      if compat
        macname ||= type.sub(/_(?=t\z)/, '').tr_cpp
        conv = (compat == "long long" ? "LL" : compat.upcase)
        compat = "#{u}#{compat}"
        typename = type.tr_cpp
        $defs.push(format("-DSIZEOF_%s=SIZEOF_%s", typename, compat.tr_cpp))
        $defs.push(format("-DTYPEOF_%s=%s", typename, compat.quote))
        $defs.push(format("-DPRI_%s_PREFIX=PRI_%s_PREFIX", macname, conv))
        conv = (u ? "U" : "") + conv
        $defs.push(format("-D%s2NUM=%s2NUM", macname, conv))
        $defs.push(format("-DNUM2%s=NUM2%s", macname, conv))
        compat
      end
    end
  end
end
            
create_header(header = "extconf.h") click to toggle source

Generates a header file consisting of the various macro definitions generated by other methods such as #have_func and have_header. These are then wrapped in a custom #ifndef based on the header file name, which defaults to “extconf.h”.

For example:

# extconf.rb
require 'mkmf'
have_func('realpath')
have_header('sys/utime.h')
create_header
create_makefile('foo')

The above script would generate the following extconf.h file:

#ifndef EXTCONF_H
#define EXTCONF_H
#define HAVE_REALPATH 1
#define HAVE_SYS_UTIME_H 1
#endif

Given that the #create_header method generates a file based on definitions set earlier in your extconf.rb file, you will probably want to make this one of the last methods you call in your script.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1633
def create_header(header = "extconf.h")
  message "creating %s\n", header
  sym = header.tr_cpp
  hdr = ["#ifndef #{sym}\n#define #{sym}\n"]
  for line in $defs
    case line
    when /^-D([^=]+)(?:=(.*))?/
      hdr << "#define #$1 #{$2 ? Shellwords.shellwords($2)[0].gsub(/(?=\t+)/, "\\\n") : 1}\n"
    when /^-U(.*)/
      hdr << "#undef #$1\n"
    end
  end
  hdr << "#endif\n"
  hdr = hdr.join("")
  log_src(hdr, "#{header} is")
  unless (IO.read(header) == hdr rescue false)
    open(header, "wb") do |hfile|
      hfile.write(hdr)
    end
  end
  $extconf_h = header
end
            
create_makefile(target, srcprefix = nil) click to toggle source

Generates the Makefile for your extension, passing along any options and preprocessor constants that you may have generated through other methods.

The target name should correspond the name of the global function name defined within your C extension, minus the Init_. For example, if your C extension is defined as Init_foo, then your target would simply be “foo”.

If any “/” characters are present in the target name, only the last name is interpreted as the target name, and the rest are considered toplevel directory names, and the generated Makefile will be altered accordingly to follow that directory structure.

For example, if you pass “test/foo” as a target name, your extension will be installed under the “test” directory. This means that in order to load the file within a Ruby program later, that directory structure will have to be followed, e.g. require 'test/foo'.

The srcprefix should be used when your source files are not in the same directory as your build script. This will not only eliminate the need for you to manually copy the source files into the same directory as your build script, but it also sets the proper target_prefix in the generated Makefile.

Setting the target_prefix will, in turn, install the generated binary in a directory under your RbConfig::CONFIG['sitearchdir'] that mimics your local filesystem when you run make install.

For example, given the following file tree:

ext/
  extconf.rb
  test/
    foo.c

And given the following code:

create_makefile('test/foo', 'test')

That will set the target_prefix in the generated Makefile to “test”. That, in turn, will create the following file tree when installed via the make install command:

/path/to/ruby/sitearchdir/test/foo.so

It is recommended that you use this approach to generate your makefiles, instead of copying files around manually, because some third party libraries may depend on the target_prefix being set properly.

The srcprefix argument can be used to override the default source directory, i.e. the current directory. It is included as part of the VPATH and added to the list of INCFLAGS.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 2056
  def create_makefile(target, srcprefix = nil)
    $target = target
    libpath = $DEFLIBPATH|$LIBPATH
    message "creating Makefile\n"
    MakeMakefile.rm_f "conftest*"
    if CONFIG["DLEXT"] == $OBJEXT
      for lib in libs = $libs.split
        lib.sub!(/-l(.*)/, %Q"lib\\1.#{$LIBEXT}"%)
      end
      $defs.push(format("-DEXTLIB='%s'", libs.join(",")))
    end

    if target.include?('/')
      target_prefix, target = File.split(target)
      target_prefix[0,0] = '/'
    else
      target_prefix = ""
    end

    srcprefix ||= "$(srcdir)/#{srcprefix}".chomp('/')
    RbConfig.expand(srcdir = srcprefix.dup)

    ext = ".#{$OBJEXT}"
    orig_srcs = Dir[File.join(srcdir, "*.{#{SRC_EXT.join(%q{,})}}")]
    if not $objs
      srcs = $srcs || orig_srcs
      objs = srcs.inject(Hash.new {[]}) {|h, f| h[File.basename(f, ".*") << ext] <<= f; h}
      $objs = objs.keys
      unless objs.delete_if {|b, f| f.size == 1}.empty?
        dups = objs.sort.map {|b, f|
          "#{b[/.*\./]}{#{f.collect {|n| n[/([^.]+)\z/]}.join(',')}}"
        }
        abort "source files duplication - #{dups.join(", ")}"
      end
    else
      $objs.collect! {|o| File.basename(o, ".*") << ext} unless $OBJEXT == "o"
      srcs = $srcs || $objs.collect {|o| o.chomp(ext) << ".c"}
    end
    $srcs = srcs

    hdrs = Dir[File.join(srcdir, "*.{#{HDR_EXT.join(%q{,})}}")]

    target = nil if $objs.empty?

    if target and EXPORT_PREFIX
      if File.exist?(File.join(srcdir, target + '.def'))
        deffile = "$(srcdir)/$(TARGET).def"
        unless EXPORT_PREFIX.empty?
          makedef = %Q{-pe "$_.sub!(/^(?=\\w)/,'#{EXPORT_PREFIX}') unless 1../^EXPORTS$/i"}
        end
      else
        makedef = %Q{-e "puts 'EXPORTS', '$(TARGET_ENTRY)'"}
      end
      if makedef
        $cleanfiles << '$(DEFFILE)'
        origdef = deffile
        deffile = "$(TARGET)-$(arch).def"
      end
    end
    origdef ||= ''

    if $extout and $INSTALLFILES
      $cleanfiles.concat($INSTALLFILES.collect {|files, dir|File.join(dir, files.sub(/\A\.\//, ''))})
      $distcleandirs.concat($INSTALLFILES.collect {|files, dir| dir})
    end

    if $extmk and not $extconf_h
      create_header
    end

    libpath = libpathflag(libpath)

    dllib = target ? "$(TARGET).#{CONFIG['DLEXT']}" : ""
    staticlib = target ? "$(TARGET).#$LIBEXT" : ""
    mfile = open("Makefile", "wb")
    conf = configuration(srcprefix)
    conf = yield(conf) if block_given?
    mfile.puts(conf)
    mfile.print "
libpath = #{($DEFLIBPATH|$LIBPATH).join(" ")}
LIBPATH = #{libpath}
DEFFILE = #{deffile}

CLEANFILES = #{$cleanfiles.join(' ')}
DISTCLEANFILES = #{$distcleanfiles.join(' ')}
DISTCLEANDIRS = #{$distcleandirs.join(' ')}

extout = #{$extout && $extout.quote}
extout_prefix = #{$extout_prefix}
target_prefix = #{target_prefix}
LOCAL_LIBS = #{$LOCAL_LIBS}
LIBS = #{$LIBRUBYARG} #{$libs} #{$LIBS}
ORIG_SRCS = #{orig_srcs.collect(&File.method(:basename)).join(' ')}
SRCS = $(ORIG_SRCS) #{(srcs - orig_srcs).collect(&File.method(:basename)).join(' ')}
OBJS = #{$objs.join(" ")}
HDRS = #{hdrs.map{|h| '$(srcdir)/' + File.basename(h)}.join(' ')}
TARGET = #{target}
TARGET_NAME = #{target && target[/\A\w+/]}
TARGET_ENTRY = #{EXPORT_PREFIX || ''}Init_$(TARGET_NAME)
DLLIB = #{dllib}
EXTSTATIC = #{$static || ""}
STATIC_LIB = #{staticlib unless $static.nil?}
#{!$extout && defined?($installed_list) ? "INSTALLED_LIST = #{$installed_list}\n" : ""}
" #"
    # TODO: fixme
    install_dirs.each {|d| mfile.print("%-14s= %s\n" % d) if /^[[:upper:]]/ =~ d[0]}
    n = ($extout ? '$(RUBYARCHDIR)/' : '') + '$(TARGET)'
    mfile.print "
TARGET_SO     = #{($extout ? '$(RUBYARCHDIR)/' : '')}$(DLLIB)
CLEANLIBS     = #{n}.#{CONFIG['DLEXT']} #{config_string('cleanlibs') {|t| t.gsub(/\$\*/) {n}}}
CLEANOBJS     = *.#{$OBJEXT} #{config_string('cleanobjs') {|t| t.gsub(/\$\*/, "$(TARGET)#{deffile ? '-$(arch)': ''}")} if target} *.bak

all:    #{$extout ? "install" : target ? "$(DLLIB)" : "Makefile"}
static: $(STATIC_LIB)#{$extout ? " install-rb" : ""}
.PHONY: all install static install-so install-rb
.PHONY: clean clean-so clean-static clean-rb
"
    mfile.print CLEANINGS
    fsep = config_string('BUILD_FILE_SEPARATOR') {|s| s unless s == "/"}
    if fsep
      sep = ":/=#{fsep}"
      fseprepl = proc {|s|
        s = s.gsub("/", fsep)
        s = s.gsub(/(\$\(\w+)(\))/) {$1+sep+$2}
        s = s.gsub(/(\$\{\w+)(\})/) {$1+sep+$2}
      }
      rsep = ":#{fsep}=/"
    else
      fseprepl = proc {|s| s}
      sep = ""
      rsep = ""
    end
    dirs = []
    mfile.print "install: install-so install-rb\n\n"
    sodir = (dir = "$(RUBYARCHDIR)").dup
    mfile.print("install-so: ")
    if target
      f = "$(DLLIB)"
      dest = "#{dir}/#{f}"
      if $extout
        mfile.puts dest
        mfile.print "clean-so::\n"
        mfile.print "\t-$(Q)$(RM) #{fseprepl[dest]}\n"
        mfile.print "\t-$(Q)$(RMDIRS) #{fseprepl[dir]}#{$ignore_error}\n"
      else
        mfile.print "#{f} #{timestamp_file(dir)}\n"
        mfile.print "\t$(INSTALL_PROG) #{fseprepl[f]} #{dir}\n"
        if defined?($installed_list)
          mfile.print "\t@echo #{dir}/#{File.basename(f)}>>$(INSTALLED_LIST)\n"
        end
      end
      mfile.print "clean-static::\n"
      mfile.print "\t-$(Q)$(RM) $(STATIC_LIB)\n"
    else
      mfile.puts "Makefile"
    end
    mfile.print("install-rb: pre-install-rb install-rb-default\n")
    mfile.print("install-rb-default: pre-install-rb-default\n")
    mfile.print("pre-install-rb: Makefile\n")
    mfile.print("pre-install-rb-default: Makefile\n")
    for sfx, i in [["-default", [["lib/**/*.rb", "$(RUBYLIBDIR)", "lib"]]], ["", $INSTALLFILES]]
      files = install_files(mfile, i, nil, srcprefix) or next
      for dir, *files in files
        unless dirs.include?(dir)
          dirs << dir
          mfile.print "pre-install-rb#{sfx}: #{timestamp_file(dir)}\n"
        end
        for f in files
          dest = "#{dir}/#{File.basename(f)}"
          mfile.print("install-rb#{sfx}: #{dest}\n")
          mfile.print("#{dest}: #{f} #{timestamp_file(dir)}\n")
          mfile.print("\t$(Q) $(#{$extout ? 'COPY' : 'INSTALL_DATA'}) #{f} $(@D#{sep})\n")
          if defined?($installed_list) and !$extout
            mfile.print("\t@echo #{dest}>>$(INSTALLED_LIST)\n")
          end
          if $extout
            mfile.print("clean-rb#{sfx}::\n")
            mfile.print("\t-$(Q)$(RM) #{fseprepl[dest]}\n")
          end
        end
      end
      mfile.print "pre-install-rb#{sfx}:\n"
      mfile.print("\t$(ECHO) installing#{sfx.sub(/^-/, " ")} #{target} libraries\n")
      if $extout
        dirs.uniq!
        unless dirs.empty?
          mfile.print("clean-rb#{sfx}::\n")
          for dir in dirs.sort_by {|d| -d.count('/')}
            mfile.print("\t-$(Q)$(RMDIRS) #{fseprepl[dir]}#{$ignore_error}\n")
          end
        end
      end
    end
    dirs.unshift(sodir) if target and !dirs.include?(sodir)
    dirs.each do |d|
      t = timestamp_file(d)
      mfile.print "#{t}:\n\t$(Q) $(MAKEDIRS) #{d}\n\t$(Q) $(TOUCH) $@\n"
    end

    mfile.print <<-SITEINSTALL

site-install: site-install-so site-install-rb
site-install-so: install-so
site-install-rb: install-rb

    SITEINSTALL

    return unless target

    mfile.puts SRC_EXT.collect {|e| ".path.#{e} = $(VPATH)"} if $nmake == ?b
    mfile.print ".SUFFIXES: .#{SRC_EXT.join(' .')} .#{$OBJEXT}\n"
    mfile.print "\n"

    compile_command = "\n\t$(ECHO) compiling $(<#{rsep})\n\t$(Q) %s\n\n"
    CXX_EXT.each do |e|
      each_compile_rules do |rule|
        mfile.printf(rule, e, $OBJEXT)
        mfile.printf(compile_command, COMPILE_CXX)
      end
    end
    C_EXT.each do |e|
      each_compile_rules do |rule|
        mfile.printf(rule, e, $OBJEXT)
        mfile.printf(compile_command, COMPILE_C)
      end
    end

    mfile.print "$(RUBYARCHDIR)/" if $extout
    mfile.print "$(DLLIB): "
    mfile.print "$(DEFFILE) " if makedef
    mfile.print "$(OBJS) Makefile"
    mfile.print " #{timestamp_file('$(RUBYARCHDIR)')}" if $extout
    mfile.print "\n"
    mfile.print "\t$(ECHO) linking shared-object #{target_prefix.sub(/\A\/(.*)/, '\1/')}$(DLLIB)\n"
    mfile.print "\t-$(Q)$(RM) $(@#{sep})\n"
    link_so = LINK_SO.gsub(/^/, "\t$(Q) ")
    if srcs.any?(&%r\.(?:#{CXX_EXT.join('|')})\z".method(:===))
      link_so = link_so.sub(/\bLDSHARED\b/, '\&XX')
    end
    mfile.print link_so, "\n\n"
    unless $static.nil?
      mfile.print "$(STATIC_LIB): $(OBJS)\n\t-$(Q)$(RM) $(@#{sep})\n\t"
      mfile.print "$(ECHO) linking static-library $(@#{rsep})\n\t$(Q) "
      mfile.print "$(AR) #{config_string('ARFLAGS') || 'cru '}$@ $(OBJS)"
      config_string('RANLIB') do |ranlib|
        mfile.print "\n\t-$(Q)#{ranlib} $(DLLIB) 2> /dev/null || true"
      end
    end
    mfile.print "\n\n"
    if makedef
      mfile.print "$(DEFFILE): #{origdef}\n"
      mfile.print "\t$(ECHO) generating $(@#{rsep})\n"
      mfile.print "\t$(Q) $(RUBY) #{makedef} #{origdef} > $@\n\n"
    end

    depend = File.join(srcdir, "depend")
    if File.exist?(depend)
      mfile.print("###\n", *depend_rules(File.read(depend)))
    else
      mfile.print "$(OBJS): $(HDRS) $(ruby_headers)\n"
    end

    $makefile_created = true
  ensure
    mfile.close if mfile
  end
            
depend_rules(depend) click to toggle source

Processes the data contents of the “depend” file. Each line of this file is expected to be a file name.

Returns the output of findings, in Makefile format.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1947
def depend_rules(depend)
  suffixes = []
  depout = []
  cont = implicit = nil
  impconv = proc do
    each_compile_rules {|rule| depout << (rule % implicit[0]) << implicit[1]}
    implicit = nil
  end
  ruleconv = proc do |line|
    if implicit
      if /\A\t/ =~ line
        implicit[1] << line
        next
      else
        impconv[]
      end
    end
    if m = /\A\.(\w+)\.(\w+)(?:\s*:)/.match(line)
      suffixes << m[1] << m[2]
      implicit = [[m[1], m[2]], [m.post_match]]
      next
    elsif RULE_SUBST and /\A(?!\s*\w+\s*=)[$\w][^#]*:/ =~ line
      line.gsub!(%r(\s)(?!\.)([^$(){}+=:\s\/\,]+)(?=\s|\z)") {$1 + RULE_SUBST % $2}
    end
    depout << line
  end
  depend.each_line do |line|
    line.gsub!(/\.o\b/, ".#{$OBJEXT}")
    line.gsub!(/\$\((?:hdr|top)dir\)\/config.h/, $config_h)
    line.gsub!(%r\$\(hdrdir\)/(?!ruby(?![^:;/\s]))(?=[-\w]+\.h)", '\&ruby/')
    if $nmake && /\A\s*\$\(RM|COPY\)/ =~ line
      line.gsub!(%r[-\w\./]{2,}"){$&.tr("/", "\\")}
      line.gsub!(/(\$\((?!RM|COPY)[^:)]+)(?=\))/, '\1:/=\')
    end
    if /(?:^|[^\])(?:\\)*\$/ =~ line
      (cont ||= []) << line
      next
    elsif cont
      line = (cont << line).join
      cont = nil
    end
    ruleconv.call(line)
  end
  if cont
    ruleconv.call(cont.join)
  elsif implicit
    impconv.call
  end
  unless suffixes.empty?
    depout.unshift(".SUFFIXES: ." + suffixes.uniq.join(" .") + "\n\n")
  end
  depout.unshift("$(OBJS): $(RUBY_EXTCONF_H)\n\n") if $extconf_h
  depout.flatten!
  depout
end
            
dir_config(target, idefault=nil, ldefault=nil) click to toggle source

Sets a target name that the user can then use to configure various “with” options with on the command line by using that name. For example, if the target is set to “foo”, then the user could use the --with-foo-dir command line option.

You may pass along additional “include” or “lib” defaults via the idefault and ldefault parameters, respectively.

Note that #dir_config only adds to the list of places to search for libraries and include files. It does not link the libraries into your application.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1668
def dir_config(target, idefault=nil, ldefault=nil)
  if dir = with_config(target + "-dir", (idefault unless ldefault))
    defaults = Array === dir ? dir : dir.split(File::PATH_SEPARATOR)
    idefault = ldefault = nil
  end

  idir = with_config(target + "-include", idefault)
  $arg_config.last[1] ||= "${#{target}-dir}/include"
  ldir = with_config(target + "-lib", ldefault)
  $arg_config.last[1] ||= "${#{target}-dir}/#{@libdir_basename}"

  idirs = idir ? Array === idir ? idir.dup : idir.split(File::PATH_SEPARATOR) : []
  if defaults
    idirs.concat(defaults.collect {|d| d + "/include"})
    idir = ([idir] + idirs).compact.join(File::PATH_SEPARATOR)
  end
  unless idirs.empty?
    idirs.collect! {|d| "-I" + d}
    idirs -= Shellwords.shellwords($CPPFLAGS)
    unless idirs.empty?
      $CPPFLAGS = (idirs.quote << $CPPFLAGS).join(" ")
    end
  end

  ldirs = ldir ? Array === ldir ? ldir.dup : ldir.split(File::PATH_SEPARATOR) : []
  if defaults
    ldirs.concat(defaults.collect {|d| "#{d}/#{@libdir_basename}"})
    ldir = ([ldir] + ldirs).compact.join(File::PATH_SEPARATOR)
  end
  $LIBPATH = ldirs | $LIBPATH

  [idir, ldir]
end
            
dummy_makefile(srcdir) click to toggle source

creates a stub Makefile.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1917
  def dummy_makefile(srcdir)
    configuration(srcdir) << "CLEANFILES = #{$cleanfiles.join(' ')}
DISTCLEANFILES = #{$distcleanfiles.join(' ')}

all install static install-so install-rb: Makefile
.PHONY: all install static install-so install-rb
.PHONY: clean clean-so clean-static clean-rb

" << CLEANINGS
  end
            
enable_config(config, default=nil) click to toggle source

Tests for the presence of an --enable-config or --disable-config option. Returns true if the enable option is given, false if the disable option is given, and the default value otherwise.

This can be useful for adding custom definitions, such as debug information.

Example:

if enable_config("debug")
   $defs.push("-DOSSL_DEBUG") unless $defs.include? "-DOSSL_DEBUG"
end
 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1595
def enable_config(config, default=nil)
  if arg_config("--enable-"+config)
    true
  elsif arg_config("--disable-"+config)
    false
  elsif block_given?
    yield(config, default)
  else
    return default
  end
end
            
find_executable(bin, path = nil) click to toggle source

Searches for the executable bin on path. The default path is your PATH environment variable. If that isn’t defined, it will resort to searching /usr/local/bin, /usr/ucb, /usr/bin and /bin.

If found, it will return the full path, including the executable name, of where it was found.

Note that this method does not actually affect the generated Makefile.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1525
def find_executable(bin, path = nil)
  checking_for checking_message(bin, path) do
    find_executable0(bin, path)
  end
end
            
find_header(header, *paths) click to toggle source

Instructs mkmf to search for the given header in any of the paths provided, and returns whether or not it was found in those paths.

If the header is found then the path it was found on is added to the list of included directories that are sent to the compiler (via the -I switch).

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1092
def find_header(header, *paths)
  message = checking_message(header, paths)
  header = cpp_include(header)
  checking_for message do
    if try_header(header)
      true
    else
      found = false
      paths.each do |dir|
        opt = "-I#{dir}".quote
        if try_header(header, opt)
          $INCFLAGS << " " << opt
          found = true
          break
        end
      end
      found
    end
  end
end
            
find_library(lib, func, *paths, &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the entry point func can be found within the library lib in one of the paths specified, where paths is an array of strings. If func is nil , then the main() function is used as the entry point.

If lib is found, then the path it was found on is added to the list of library paths searched and linked against.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 967
def find_library(lib, func, *paths, &b)
  func = "main" if !func or func.empty?
  lib = with_config(lib+'lib', lib)
  paths = paths.collect {|path| path.split(File::PATH_SEPARATOR)}.flatten
  checking_for checking_message(func.funcall_style, LIBARG%lib) do
    libpath = $LIBPATH
    libs = append_library($libs, lib)
    begin
      until r = try_func(func, libs, &b) or paths.empty?
        $LIBPATH = libpath | [paths.shift]
      end
      if r
        $libs = libs
        libpath = nil
      end
    ensure
      $LIBPATH = libpath if libpath
    end
    r
  end
end
            
find_type(type, opt, *headers, &b) click to toggle source

Returns where the static type type is defined.

You may also pass additional flags to opt which are then passed along to the compiler.

See also have_type.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1189
def find_type(type, opt, *headers, &b)
  opt ||= ""
  fmt = "not found"
  def fmt.%(x)
    x ? x.respond_to?(:join) ? x.join(",") : x : self
  end
  checking_for checking_message(type, nil, opt), fmt do
    headers.find do |h|
      try_type(type, h, opt, &b)
    end
  end
end
            
have_const(const, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the constant const is defined. You may optionally pass the type of const as [const, type], such as:

have_const(%w[PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER pthread_mutex_t], "pthread.h")

You may also pass additional headers to check against in addition to the common header files, and additional flags to opt which are then passed along to the compiler.

If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the type name, in uppercase, prepended with HAVE_CONST_.

For example, if have_const('foo') returned true, then the HAVE_CONST_FOO preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1237
def have_const(const, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
  checking_for checking_message([*const].compact.join(' '), headers, opt) do
    try_const(const, headers, opt, &b)
  end
end
            
have_framework(fw, &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the given framework can be found on your system. If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the framework name, in uppercase, prepended with HAVE_FRAMEWORK_.

For example, if have_framework('Ruby') returned true, then the HAVE_FRAMEWORK_RUBY preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

If fw is a pair of the framework name and its header file name that header file is checked, instead of the normally used header file which is named same as the framework.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1063
def have_framework(fw, &b)
  if Array === fw
    fw, header = *fw
  else
    header = "#{fw}.h"
  end
  checking_for fw do
    src = cpp_include("#{fw}/#{header}") << "\n" "int main(void){return 0;}"
    opt = " -framework #{fw}"
    if try_link(src, "-ObjC#{opt}", &b)
      $defs.push(format("-DHAVE_FRAMEWORK_%s", fw.tr_cpp))
      # TODO: non-worse way than this hack, to get rid of separating
      # option and its argument.
      $LDFLAGS << " -ObjC" unless /(\A|\s)-ObjC(\s|\z)/ =~ $LDFLAGS
      $LDFLAGS << opt
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
end
            
have_func(func, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the function func can be found in the common header files, or within any headers that you provide. If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the function name, in uppercase, prepended with HAVE_.

To check functions in an additional library, you need to check that library first using have_library(). The func shall be either mere function name or function name with arguments.

For example, if have_func('foo') returned true, then the HAVE_FOO preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1001
def have_func(func, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
  checking_for checking_message(func.funcall_style, headers, opt) do
    if try_func(func, $libs, headers, opt, &b)
      $defs << "-DHAVE_#{func.sans_arguments.tr_cpp}"
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
end
            
have_header(header, preheaders = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the given header file can be found on your system. If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the header file name, in uppercase, prepended with HAVE_.

For example, if have_header('foo.h') returned true, then the HAVE_FOO_H preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1041
def have_header(header, preheaders = nil, opt = "", &b)
  checking_for header do
    if try_header(cpp_include(preheaders)+cpp_include(header), opt, &b)
      $defs.push(format("-DHAVE_%s", header.tr_cpp))
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
end
            
have_library(lib, func = nil, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the given entry point func can be found within lib. If func is nil, the main() entry point is used by default. If found, it adds the library to list of libraries to be used when linking your extension.

If headers are provided, it will include those header files as the header files it looks in when searching for func.

The real name of the library to be linked can be altered by --with-FOOlib configuration option.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 941
def have_library(lib, func = nil, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
  func = "main" if !func or func.empty?
  lib = with_config(lib+'lib', lib)
  checking_for checking_message(func.funcall_style, LIBARG%lib, opt) do
    if COMMON_LIBS.include?(lib)
      true
    else
      libs = append_library($libs, lib)
      if try_func(func, libs, headers, opt, &b)
        $libs = libs
        true
      else
        false
      end
    end
  end
end
            
have_macro(macro, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not macro is defined either in the common header files or within any headers you provide.

Any options you pass to opt are passed along to the compiler.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 924
def have_macro(macro, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
  checking_for checking_message(macro, headers, opt) do
    macro_defined?(macro, cpp_include(headers), opt, &b)
  end
end
            
have_struct_member(type, member, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the struct of type type contains member. If it does not, or the struct type can’t be found, then false is returned. You may optionally specify additional headers in which to look for the struct (in addition to the common header files).

If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the type name and the member name, in uppercase, prepended with HAVE_.

For example, if have_struct_member('struct foo', 'bar') returned true, then the HAVE_STRUCT_FOO_BAR preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

HAVE_ST_BAR is also defined for backward compatibility.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1128
  def have_struct_member(type, member, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
    checking_for checking_message("#{type}.#{member}", headers) do
      if try_compile("#{cpp_include(headers)}
/*top*/
int s = (char *)&((#{type}*)0)->#{member} - (char *)0;
#{MAIN_DOES_NOTHING "s"}
", opt, &b)
        $defs.push(format("-DHAVE_%s_%s", type.tr_cpp, member.tr_cpp))
        $defs.push(format("-DHAVE_ST_%s", member.tr_cpp)) # backward compatibility
        true
      else
        false
      end
    end
  end
            
have_type(type, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the static type type is defined. You may optionally pass additional headers to check against in addition to the common header files.

You may also pass additional flags to opt which are then passed along to the compiler.

If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the type name, in uppercase, prepended with HAVE_TYPE_.

For example, if have_type('foo') returned true, then the HAVE_TYPE_FOO preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1176
def have_type(type, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
  checking_for checking_message(type, headers, opt) do
    try_type(type, headers, opt, &b)
  end
end
            
have_var(var, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the variable var can be found in the common header files, or within any headers that you provide. If found, a macro is passed as a preprocessor constant to the compiler using the variable name, in uppercase, prepended with HAVE_.

To check variables in an additional library, you need to check that library first using have_library().

For example, if have_var('foo') returned true, then the HAVE_FOO preprocessor macro would be passed to the compiler.

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1023
def have_var(var, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
  checking_for checking_message(var, headers, opt) do
    if try_var(var, headers, opt, &b)
      $defs.push(format("-DHAVE_%s", var.tr_cpp))
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
end
            
try_const(const, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the constant const is defined.

See also have_const

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1206
  def try_const(const, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
    const, type = *const
    if try_compile("#{cpp_include(headers)}
/*top*/
typedef #{type || 'int'} conftest_type;
conftest_type conftestval = #{type ? '' : '(int)'}#{const};
", opt, &b)
      $defs.push(format("-DHAVE_CONST_%s", const.tr_cpp))
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
            
try_type(type, headers = nil, opt = "", &b) click to toggle source

Returns whether or not the static type type is defined.

See also have_type

 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1149
  def try_type(type, headers = nil, opt = "", &b)
    if try_compile("#{cpp_include(headers)}
/*top*/
typedef #{type} conftest_type;
int conftestval[sizeof(conftest_type)?1:-1];
", opt, &b)
      $defs.push(format("-DHAVE_TYPE_%s", type.tr_cpp))
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
            
with_config(config, default=nil) click to toggle source

Tests for the presence of a --with-config or --without-config option. Returns true if the with option is given, false if the without option is given, and the default value otherwise.

This can be useful for adding custom definitions, such as debug information.

Example:

if with_config("debug")
   $defs.push("-DOSSL_DEBUG") unless $defs.include? "-DOSSL_DEBUG"
end
 
               # File mkmf.rb, line 1560
def with_config(config, default=nil)
  config = config.sub(/^--with[-_]/, '')
  val = arg_config("--with-"+config) do
    if arg_config("--without-"+config)
      false
    elsif block_given?
      yield(config, default)
    else
      break default
    end
  end
  case val
  when "yes"
    true
  when "no"
    false
  else
    val
  end
end
            

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