class DateTime

DateTime

A subclass of Date that easily handles date, hour, minute, second, and offset.

DateTime class is considered deprecated. Use Time class.

DateTime does not consider any leap seconds, does not track any summer time rules.

A DateTime object is created with DateTime::new, DateTime::jd, DateTime::ordinal, DateTime::commercial, DateTime::parse, DateTime::strptime, DateTime::now, Time#to_datetime, etc.

require 'date'

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6)
                    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+00:00 ...>

The last element of day, hour, minute, or second can be a fractional number. The fractional number’s precision is assumed at most nanosecond.

DateTime.new(2001,2,3.5)
                    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T12:00:00+00:00 ...>

An optional argument, the offset, indicates the difference between the local time and UTC. For example, Rational(3,24) represents ahead of 3 hours of UTC, Rational(-5,24) represents behind of 5 hours of UTC. The offset should be -1 to +1, and its precision is assumed at most second. The default value is zero (equals to UTC).

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,Rational(3,24))
                    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+03:00 ...>

The offset also accepts string form:

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'+03:00')
                    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+03:00 ...>

An optional argument, the day of calendar reform (start), denotes a Julian day number, which should be 2298874 to 2426355 or negative/positive infinity. The default value is Date::ITALY (2299161=1582-10-15).

A DateTime object has various methods. See each reference.

d = DateTime.parse('3rd Feb 2001 04:05:06+03:30')
                    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+03:30 ...>
d.hour              #=> 4
d.min               #=> 5
d.sec               #=> 6
d.offset            #=> (7/48)
d.zone              #=> "+03:30"
d += Rational('1.5')
                    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-04%16:05:06+03:30 ...>
d = d.new_offset('+09:00')
                    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-04%21:35:06+09:00 ...>
d.strftime('%I:%M:%S %p')
                    #=> "09:35:06 PM"
d > DateTime.new(1999)
                    #=> true

When should you use DateTime and when should you use Time?

It’s a common misconception that William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes died on the same day in history - so much so that UNESCO named April 23 as World Book Day because of this fact. However, because England hadn’t yet adopted the Gregorian Calendar Reform (and wouldn’t until 1752) their deaths are actually 10 days apart. Since Ruby’s Time class implements a proleptic Gregorian calendar and has no concept of calendar reform there’s no way to express this with Time objects. This is where DateTime steps in:

shakespeare = DateTime.iso8601('1616-04-23', Date::ENGLAND)
 #=> Tue, 23 Apr 1616 00:00:00 +0000
cervantes = DateTime.iso8601('1616-04-23', Date::ITALY)
 #=> Sat, 23 Apr 1616 00:00:00 +0000

Already you can see something is weird - the days of the week are different. Taking this further:

cervantes == shakespeare
 #=> false
(shakespeare - cervantes).to_i
 #=> 10

This shows that in fact they died 10 days apart (in reality 11 days since Cervantes died a day earlier but was buried on the 23rd). We can see the actual date of Shakespeare’s death by using the gregorian method to convert it:

shakespeare.gregorian
 #=> Tue, 03 May 1616 00:00:00 +0000

So there’s an argument that all the celebrations that take place on the 23rd April in Stratford-upon-Avon are actually the wrong date since England is now using the Gregorian calendar. You can see why when we transition across the reform date boundary:

# start off with the anniversary of Shakespeare's birth in 1751
shakespeare = DateTime.iso8601('1751-04-23', Date::ENGLAND)
 #=> Tue, 23 Apr 1751 00:00:00 +0000

# add 366 days since 1752 is a leap year and April 23 is after February 29
shakespeare + 366
 #=> Thu, 23 Apr 1752 00:00:00 +0000

# add another 365 days to take us to the anniversary in 1753
shakespeare + 366 + 365
 #=> Fri, 04 May 1753 00:00:00 +0000

As you can see, if we’re accurately tracking the number of solar years since Shakespeare’s birthday then the correct anniversary date would be the 4th May and not the 23rd April.

So when should you use DateTime in Ruby and when should you use Time? Almost certainly you’ll want to use Time since your app is probably dealing with current dates and times. However, if you need to deal with dates and times in a historical context you’ll want to use DateTime to avoid making the same mistakes as UNESCO. If you also have to deal with timezones then best of luck - just bear in mind that you’ll probably be dealing with local solar times, since it wasn’t until the 19th century that the introduction of the railways necessitated the need for Standard Time and eventually timezones.

Public Class Methods

_strptime(string[, format='%FT%T%z']) → hash click to toggle source

Parses the given representation of date and time with the given template, and returns a hash of parsed elements. _strptime does not support specification of flags and width unlike strftime.

See also strptime(3) and strftime.

static VALUE
datetime_s__strptime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    return date_s__strptime_internal(argc, argv, klass, "%FT%T%z");
}
civil(*args) click to toggle source

Same as DateTime.new.

static VALUE
datetime_s_civil(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    return datetime_initialize(argc, argv, d_lite_s_alloc_complex(klass));
}
commercial([cwyear=-4712[, cweek=1[, cwday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a DateTime object denoting the given week date.

DateTime.commercial(2001) #=> #<DateTime: 2001-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.commercial(2002) #=> #<DateTime: 2001-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.commercial(2001,5,6,4,5,6,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
static VALUE
datetime_s_commercial(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vw, vd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int w, d, h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "08", &vy, &vw, &vd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    w = 1;
    d = 1;

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 8:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 7:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 6:
        check_numeric(vs, "second");
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 5:
        check_numeric(vmin, "minute");
        num2int_with_frac(min, 5);
      case 4:
        check_numeric(vh, "hour");
        num2int_with_frac(h, 4);
      case 3:
        check_numeric(vd, "cwday");
        num2int_with_frac(d, 3);
      case 2:
        check_numeric(vw, "cweek");
        w = NUM2INT(vw);
      case 1:
        check_numeric(vy, "year");
        y = vy;
    }

    {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rw, rd, rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2, ns;

        if (!valid_commercial_p(y, w, d, sg,
                                &nth, &ry,
                                &rw, &rd, &rjd,
                                &ns))
            rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     0, 0, 0,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
httpdate(string='Mon, 01 Jan -4712 00:00:00 GMT'[, start=Date::ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new DateTime object by parsing from a string according to some RFC 2616 format.

DateTime.httpdate('Sat, 03 Feb 2001 04:05:06 GMT')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+00:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_httpdate(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02:", &str, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 01 Jan -4712 00:00:00 GMT");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 1;
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2++;
        hash = date_s__httpdate(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
iso8601(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new DateTime object by parsing from a string according to some typical ISO 8601 formats.

DateTime.iso8601('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.iso8601('20010203T040506+0700')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.iso8601('2001-W05-6T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_iso8601(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02:", &str, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 1;
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2--;
        hash = date_s__iso8601(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
jd([jd=0[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a DateTime object denoting the given chronological Julian day number.

DateTime.jd(2451944)      #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.jd(2451945)      #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-04T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.jd(Rational('0.5'))
                          #=> #<DateTime: -4712-01-01T12:00:00+00:00 ...>
static VALUE
datetime_s_jd(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vjd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, jd, fr, fr2, ret;
    int h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "06", &vjd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    jd = INT2FIX(0);

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 6:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 5:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 4:
        check_numeric(vs, "second");
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 3:
        check_numeric(vmin, "minute");
        num2int_with_frac(min, 3);
      case 2:
        check_numeric(vh, "hour");
        num2int_with_frac(h, 2);
      case 1:
        check_numeric(vjd, "jd");
        num2num_with_frac(jd, 1);
    }

    {
        VALUE nth;
        int rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2;

        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        decode_jd(jd, &nth, &rjd);
        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     0, 0, 0,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
jisx0301(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new DateTime object by parsing from a string according to some typical JIS X 0301 formats.

DateTime.jisx0301('H13.02.03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>

For no-era year, legacy format, Heisei is assumed.

DateTime.jisx0301('13.02.03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_jisx0301(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02:", &str, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 1;
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2++;
        hash = date_s__jisx0301(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
new(*args) click to toggle source

Same as DateTime.new.

static VALUE
datetime_s_civil(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    return datetime_initialize(argc, argv, d_lite_s_alloc_complex(klass));
}
now([start=Date::ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a DateTime object denoting the present time.

DateTime.now              #=> #<DateTime: 2011-06-11T21:20:44+09:00 ...>
static VALUE
datetime_s_now(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vsg, nth, ret;
    double sg;
#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
    struct timespec ts;
#else
    struct timeval tv;
#endif
    time_t sec;
    struct tm tm;
    long sf, of;
    int y, ry, m, d, h, min, s;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &vsg);

    if (argc < 1)
        sg = DEFAULT_SG;
    else
        sg = NUM2DBL(vsg);

#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
    if (clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &ts) == -1)
        rb_sys_fail("clock_gettime");
    sec = ts.tv_sec;
#else
    if (gettimeofday(&tv, NULL) == -1)
        rb_sys_fail("gettimeofday");
    sec = tv.tv_sec;
#endif
    tzset();
    if (!localtime_r(&sec, &tm))
        rb_sys_fail("localtime");

    y = tm.tm_year + 1900;
    m = tm.tm_mon + 1;
    d = tm.tm_mday;
    h = tm.tm_hour;
    min = tm.tm_min;
    s = tm.tm_sec;
    if (s == 60)
        s = 59;
#ifdef HAVE_STRUCT_TM_TM_GMTOFF
    of = tm.tm_gmtoff;
#elif defined(HAVE_TIMEZONE)
#if defined(HAVE_ALTZONE) && !defined(_AIX)
    of = (long)-((tm.tm_isdst > 0) ? altzone : timezone);
#else
    of = (long)-timezone;
    if (tm.tm_isdst) {
        time_t sec2;

        tm.tm_isdst = 0;
        sec2 = mktime(&tm);
        of += (long)difftime(sec2, sec);
    }
#endif
#elif defined(HAVE_TIMEGM)
    {
        time_t sec2;

        sec2 = timegm(&tm);
        of = (long)difftime(sec2, sec);
    }
#else
    {
        struct tm tm2;
        time_t sec2;

        if (!gmtime_r(&sec, &tm2))
            rb_sys_fail("gmtime");
        tm2.tm_isdst = tm.tm_isdst;
        sec2 = mktime(&tm2);
        of = (long)difftime(sec, sec2);
    }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
    sf = ts.tv_nsec;
#else
    sf = tv.tv_usec * 1000;
#endif

    if (of < -DAY_IN_SECONDS || of > DAY_IN_SECONDS) {
        of = 0;
        rb_warning("invalid offset is ignored");
    }

    decode_year(INT2FIX(y), -1, &nth, &ry);

    ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                 nth, 0,
                                 0, LONG2NUM(sf),
                                 (int)of, GREGORIAN,
                                 ry, m, d,
                                 h, min, s,
                                 HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME);
    {
        get_d1(ret);
        set_sg(dat, sg);
    }
    return ret;
}
ordinal([year=-4712[, yday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a DateTime object denoting the given ordinal date.

DateTime.ordinal(2001,34) #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.ordinal(2001,34,4,5,6,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.ordinal(2001,-332,-20,-55,-54,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
static VALUE
datetime_s_ordinal(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int d, h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "07", &vy, &vd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    d = 1;

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 7:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 6:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 5:
        check_numeric(vs, "second");
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 4:
        check_numeric(vmin, "minute");
        num2int_with_frac(min, 4);
      case 3:
        check_numeric(vh, "hour");
        num2int_with_frac(h, 3);
      case 2:
        check_numeric(vd, "yday");
        num2int_with_frac(d, 2);
      case 1:
        check_numeric(vy, "year");
        y = vy;
    }

    {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rd, rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2, ns;

        if (!valid_ordinal_p(y, d, sg,
                             &nth, &ry,
                             &rd, &rjd,
                             &ns))
            rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(eDateError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     0, 0, 0,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
parse(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, comp=true[, start=Date::ITALY]], limit: 128) → datetime click to toggle source

Parses the given representation of date and time, and creates a DateTime object.

This method does not function as a validator. If the input string does not match valid formats strictly, you may get a cryptic result. Should consider to use DateTime.strptime instead of this method as possible.

If the optional second argument is true and the detected year is in the range “00” to “99”, makes it full.

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.parse('20010203T040506+0700')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.parse('3rd Feb 2001 04:05:06 PM')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T16:05:06+00:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_parse(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, comp, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03:", &str, &comp, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        comp = Qtrue;
      case 2:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 2;
        VALUE argv2[3], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = comp;
        argv2[2] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2++;
        hash = date_s__parse(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
rfc2822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime click to toggle source
rfc822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime

Creates a new DateTime object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 2822 formats.

DateTime.rfc2822('Sat, 3 Feb 2001 04:05:06 +0700')
                         #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_rfc2822(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02:", &str, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 1;
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2++;
        hash = date_s__rfc2822(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
rfc3339(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new DateTime object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 3339 formats.

DateTime.rfc3339('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_rfc3339(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02:", &str, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 1;
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2++;
        hash = date_s__rfc3339(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
rfc2822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime click to toggle source
rfc822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime

Creates a new DateTime object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 2822 formats.

DateTime.rfc2822('Sat, 3 Feb 2001 04:05:06 +0700')
                         #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_rfc2822(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02:", &str, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 1;
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2++;
        hash = date_s__rfc2822(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
strptime([string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, format='%FT%T%z'[ ,start=Date::ITALY]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Parses the given representation of date and time with the given template, and creates a DateTime object. strptime does not support specification of flags and width unlike strftime.

DateTime.strptime('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00', '%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('03-02-2001 04:05:06 PM', '%d-%m-%Y %I:%M:%S %p')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T16:05:06+00:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('2001-W05-6T04:05:06+07:00', '%G-W%V-%uT%H:%M:%S%z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('2001 04 6 04 05 06 +7', '%Y %U %w %H %M %S %z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('2001 05 6 04 05 06 +7', '%Y %W %u %H %M %S %z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('-1', '%s')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 1969-12-31T23:59:59+00:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('-1000', '%Q')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 1969-12-31T23:59:59+00:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('sat3feb014pm+7', '%a%d%b%y%H%p%z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T16:00:00+07:00 ...>

See also strptime(3) and strftime.

static VALUE
datetime_s_strptime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, fmt, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &str, &fmt, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        fmt = rb_str_new2("%FT%T%z");
      case 2:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;

        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = fmt;
        hash = date_s__strptime(2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
xmlschema(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=Date::ITALY], limit: 128) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new DateTime object by parsing from a string according to some typical XML Schema formats.

DateTime.xmlschema('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>

Raise an ArgumentError when the string length is longer than limit. You can stop this check by passing limit: nil, but note that it may take a long time to parse.

static VALUE
datetime_s_xmlschema(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg, opt;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02:", &str, &sg, &opt);
    if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc--;

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        int argc2 = 1;
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;
        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = opt;
        if (!NIL_P(opt)) argc2++;
        hash = date_s__xmlschema(argc2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}

Public Instance Methods

hour → integer click to toggle source

Returns the hour in range (0..23):

DateTime.new(2001, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).hour # => 4
static VALUE
d_lite_hour(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_hour(dat));
}
iso8601([n=0]) → string click to toggle source

This method is equivalent to strftime(‘%FT%T%:z’). The optional argument n is the number of digits for fractional seconds.

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').iso8601(9)
                          #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
static VALUE
dt_lite_iso8601(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    long n = 0;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 1);
    if (argc >= 1)
        n = NUM2LONG(argv[0]);

    return rb_str_append(strftimev("%Y-%m-%d", self, set_tmx),
                         iso8601_timediv(self, n));
}
Also aliased as: xmlschema
jisx0301([n=0]) → string click to toggle source

Returns a string in a JIS X 0301 format. The optional argument n is the number of digits for fractional seconds.

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').jisx0301(9)
                          #=> "H13.02.03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
static VALUE
dt_lite_jisx0301(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    long n = 0;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 1);
    if (argc >= 1)
        n = NUM2LONG(argv[0]);

    return rb_str_append(d_lite_jisx0301(self),
                         iso8601_timediv(self, n));
}
min → integer click to toggle source

Returns the minute in range (0..59):

DateTime.new(2001, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).min # => 5

Date#minute is an alias for Date#min.

static VALUE
d_lite_min(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_min(dat));
}
Also aliased as: minute
minute()

Returns the minute in range (0..59):

DateTime.new(2001, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).min # => 5

Date#minute is an alias for Date#min.

Alias for: min
new_offset([offset=0]) → date click to toggle source

Duplicates self and resets its offset.

d = DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'-02:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06-02:00 ...>
d.new_offset('+09:00')    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T15:05:06+09:00 ...>
static VALUE
d_lite_new_offset(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE vof;
    int rof;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &vof);

    rof = 0;
    if (argc >= 1)
        val2off(vof, rof);

    return dup_obj_with_new_offset(self, rof);
}
offset → rational click to toggle source

Returns the offset.

DateTime.parse('04pm+0730').offset        #=> (5/16)
static VALUE
d_lite_offset(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_of_in_day(dat);
}
rfc3339([n=0]) → string click to toggle source

This method is equivalent to strftime(‘%FT%T%:z’). The optional argument n is the number of digits for fractional seconds.

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').rfc3339(9)
                          #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
static VALUE
dt_lite_rfc3339(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    return dt_lite_iso8601(argc, argv, self);
}
sec → integer click to toggle source

Returns the second in range (0..59):

DateTime.new(2001, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).sec # => 6

Date#second is an alias for Date#sec.

static VALUE
d_lite_sec(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return INT2FIX(m_sec(dat));
}
Also aliased as: second
sec_fraction → rational click to toggle source

Returns the fractional part of the second in range (Rational(0, 1)…Rational(1, 1)):

DateTime.new(2001, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.5).sec_fraction # => (1/2)

Date#second_fraction is an alias for Date#sec_fraction.

static VALUE
d_lite_sec_fraction(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_sf_in_sec(dat);
}
Also aliased as: second_fraction
second()

Returns the second in range (0..59):

DateTime.new(2001, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6).sec # => 6

Date#second is an alias for Date#sec.

Alias for: sec
second_fraction()

Returns the fractional part of the second in range (Rational(0, 1)…Rational(1, 1)):

DateTime.new(2001, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.5).sec_fraction # => (1/2)

Date#second_fraction is an alias for Date#sec_fraction.

Alias for: sec_fraction
strftime(format = '%FT%T%:z') → string click to toggle source

Returns a string representation of self, formatted according the given +format:

DateTime.now.strftime # => "2022-07-01T11:03:19-05:00"

For other formats, see Formats for Dates and Times.

static VALUE
dt_lite_strftime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    return date_strftime_internal(argc, argv, self,
                                  "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%:z", set_tmx);
}
to_date → date click to toggle source

Returns a Date object which denotes self.

static VALUE
datetime_to_date(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1a(self);

    if (simple_dat_p(adat)) {
        VALUE new = d_lite_s_alloc_simple(cDate);
        {
            get_d1b(new);
            bdat->s = adat->s;
            bdat->s.jd = m_local_jd(adat);
            return new;
        }
    }
    else {
        VALUE new = d_lite_s_alloc_simple(cDate);
        {
            get_d1b(new);
            copy_complex_to_simple(new, &bdat->s, &adat->c);
            bdat->s.jd = m_local_jd(adat);
            bdat->s.flags &= ~(HAVE_DF | HAVE_TIME | COMPLEX_DAT);
            return new;
        }
    }
}
to_datetime → self click to toggle source

Returns self.

static VALUE
datetime_to_datetime(VALUE self)
{
    return self;
}
to_s → string click to toggle source

Returns a string in an ISO 8601 format. (This method doesn’t use the expanded representations.)

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'-7').to_s
                         #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06-07:00"
static VALUE
dt_lite_to_s(VALUE self)
{
    return strftimev("%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%:z", self, set_tmx);
}
to_time → time click to toggle source

Returns a Time object which denotes self.

static VALUE
datetime_to_time(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);

    if (m_julian_p(dat)) {
        self = d_lite_gregorian(self);
        get_d1a(self);
        dat = adat;
    }

    {
        VALUE t;

        t = rb_funcall(rb_cTime,
                   rb_intern("new"),
                   7,
                   m_real_year(dat),
                   INT2FIX(m_mon(dat)),
                   INT2FIX(m_mday(dat)),
                   INT2FIX(m_hour(dat)),
                   INT2FIX(m_min(dat)),
                   f_add(INT2FIX(m_sec(dat)),
                         m_sf_in_sec(dat)),
                   INT2FIX(m_of(dat)));
        return t;
    }
}
xmlschema([n=0]) → string

This method is equivalent to strftime(‘%FT%T%:z’). The optional argument n is the number of digits for fractional seconds.

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').iso8601(9)
                          #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
Alias for: iso8601
zone → string click to toggle source

Returns the timezone.

DateTime.parse('04pm+0730').zone          #=> "+07:30"
static VALUE
d_lite_zone(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1(self);
    return m_zone(dat);
}