In Files

  • fiddle/closure.c

Fiddle::Pointer

Fiddle::Pointer is a class to handle C pointers

Public Class Methods

Fiddle::Pointer[val] => cptr click to toggle source
to_ptr(val) => cptr

Get the underlying pointer for ruby object val and return it as a Fiddle::Pointer object.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_s_to_ptr(VALUE self, VALUE val)
{
    VALUE ptr, wrap = val, vptr;

    if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cIO))){
        rb_io_t *fptr;
        FILE *fp;
        GetOpenFile(val, fptr);
        fp = rb_io_stdio_file(fptr);
        ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr_new(fp, 0, NULL);
    }
    else if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cString))){
        char *str = StringValuePtr(val);
        ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr_new(str, RSTRING_LEN(val), NULL);
    }
    else if ((vptr = rb_check_funcall(val, id_to_ptr, 0, 0)) != Qundef){
        if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(vptr, rb_cPointer)){
            ptr = vptr;
            wrap = 0;
        }
        else{
            rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "to_ptr should return a Fiddle::Pointer object");
        }
    }
    else{
        VALUE num = rb_Integer(val);
        if (num == val) wrap = 0;
        ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr_new(NUM2PTR(num), 0, NULL);
    }
    OBJ_INFECT(ptr, val);
    if (wrap) RPTR_DATA(ptr)->wrap[0] = wrap;
    return ptr;
}
            
Fiddle::Pointer.malloc(size, freefunc = nil) => fiddle pointer instance click to toggle source

Allocate size bytes of memory and associate it with an optional freefunc that will be called when the pointer is garbage collected.

freefunc must be an address pointing to a function or an instance of Fiddle::Function

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_s_malloc(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE size, sym, obj, wrap = 0;
    long s;
    freefunc_t f;

    switch (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &size, &sym)) {
      case 1:
        s = NUM2LONG(size);
        f = NULL;
        break;
      case 2:
        s = NUM2LONG(size);
        f = get_freefunc(sym, &wrap);
        break;
      default:
        rb_bug("rb_fiddle_ptr_s_malloc");
    }

    obj = rb_fiddle_ptr_malloc(s,f);
    if (wrap) RPTR_DATA(obj)->wrap[1] = wrap;

    return obj;
}
            
Fiddle::Pointer.new(address) => fiddle_cptr click to toggle source
new(address, size) => fiddle_cptr
new(address, size, freefunc) => fiddle_cptr

Create a new pointer to address with an optional size and freefunc.

freefunc will be called when the instance is garbage collected.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_initialize(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    VALUE ptr, sym, size, wrap = 0, funcwrap = 0;
    struct ptr_data *data;
    void *p = NULL;
    freefunc_t f = NULL;
    long s = 0;

    if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "12", &ptr, &size, &sym) >= 1) {
        VALUE addrnum = rb_Integer(ptr);
        if (addrnum != ptr) wrap = ptr;
        p = NUM2PTR(addrnum);
    }
    if (argc >= 2) {
        s = NUM2LONG(size);
    }
    if (argc >= 3) {
        f = get_freefunc(sym, &funcwrap);
    }

    if (p) {
        TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
        if (data->ptr && data->free) {
            /* Free previous memory. Use of inappropriate initialize may cause SEGV. */
            (*(data->free))(data->ptr);
        }
        data->wrap[0] = wrap;
        data->wrap[1] = funcwrap;
        data->ptr  = p;
        data->size = s;
        data->free = f;
    }

    return Qnil;
}
            
to_ptr(val) => cptr click to toggle source

Get the underlying pointer for ruby object val and return it as a Fiddle::Pointer object.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_s_to_ptr(VALUE self, VALUE val)
{
    VALUE ptr, wrap = val, vptr;

    if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cIO))){
        rb_io_t *fptr;
        FILE *fp;
        GetOpenFile(val, fptr);
        fp = rb_io_stdio_file(fptr);
        ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr_new(fp, 0, NULL);
    }
    else if (RTEST(rb_obj_is_kind_of(val, rb_cString))){
        char *str = StringValuePtr(val);
        ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr_new(str, RSTRING_LEN(val), NULL);
    }
    else if ((vptr = rb_check_funcall(val, id_to_ptr, 0, 0)) != Qundef){
        if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(vptr, rb_cPointer)){
            ptr = vptr;
            wrap = 0;
        }
        else{
            rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "to_ptr should return a Fiddle::Pointer object");
        }
    }
    else{
        VALUE num = rb_Integer(val);
        if (num == val) wrap = 0;
        ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr_new(NUM2PTR(num), 0, NULL);
    }
    OBJ_INFECT(ptr, val);
    if (wrap) RPTR_DATA(ptr)->wrap[0] = wrap;
    return ptr;
}
            

Public Instance Methods

ptr + n => new cptr click to toggle source

Returns a new pointer instance that has been advanced n bytes.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_plus(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr;
    long num, size;

    ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(self);
    size = RPTR_DATA(self)->size;
    num = NUM2LONG(other);
    return rb_fiddle_ptr_new((char *)ptr + num, size - num, 0);
}
            
ptr click to toggle source

Returns a new Fiddle::Pointer instance that is a dereferenced pointer for this pointer.

Analogous to the star operator in C.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_ptr(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_fiddle_ptr_new(*((void**)(data->ptr)),0,0);
}
            
ptr - n => new cptr click to toggle source

Returns a new pointer instance that has been moved back n bytes.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_minus(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr;
    long num, size;

    ptr = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(self);
    size = RPTR_DATA(self)->size;
    num = NUM2LONG(other);
    return rb_fiddle_ptr_new((char *)ptr - num, size + num, 0);
}
            
ref click to toggle source

Returns a new Fiddle::Pointer instance that is a reference pointer for this pointer.

Analogous to the ampersand operator in C.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_ref(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_fiddle_ptr_new(&(data->ptr),0,0);
}
            
ptr <=> other => -1, 0, 1, or nil click to toggle source

Returns -1 if less than, 0 if equal to, 1 if greater than other.

Returns nil if ptr cannot be compared to other.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_cmp(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr1, *ptr2;
    SIGNED_VALUE diff;

    if(!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cPointer)) return Qnil;

    ptr1 = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(self);
    ptr2 = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(other);
    diff = (SIGNED_VALUE)ptr1 - (SIGNED_VALUE)ptr2;
    if (!diff) return INT2FIX(0);
    return diff > 0 ? INT2NUM(1) : INT2NUM(-1);
}
            
ptr == other => true or false click to toggle source

Returns true if other wraps the same pointer, otherwise returns false.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_eql(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr1, *ptr2;

    if(!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cPointer)) return Qfalse;

    ptr1 = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(self);
    ptr2 = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(other);

    return ptr1 == ptr2 ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}
            
ptr[index] → an_integer click to toggle source
ptr[start, length] → a_string

Returns integer stored at index.

If start and length are given, a string containing the bytes from start of length will be returned.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_aref(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    VALUE arg0, arg1;
    VALUE retval = Qnil;
    size_t offset, len;
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    if (!data->ptr) rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "NULL pointer dereference");
    switch( rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &arg0, &arg1) ){
      case 1:
        offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
        retval = INT2NUM(*((char *)data->ptr + offset));
        break;
      case 2:
        offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
        len    = NUM2ULONG(arg1);
        retval = rb_tainted_str_new((char *)data->ptr + offset, len);
        break;
      default:
        rb_bug("rb_fiddle_ptr_aref()");
    }
    return retval;
}
            
ptr[index] = int → int click to toggle source
ptr[start, length] = string or cptr or addr → string or dl_cptr or addr

Set the value at index to int.

Or, set the memory at start until length with the contents of string, the memory from dl_cptr, or the memory pointed at by the memory address addr.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_aset(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    VALUE arg0, arg1, arg2;
    VALUE retval = Qnil;
    size_t offset, len;
    void *mem;
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    if (!data->ptr) rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "NULL pointer dereference");
    switch( rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "21", &arg0, &arg1, &arg2) ){
      case 2:
        offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
        ((char*)data->ptr)[offset] = NUM2UINT(arg1);
        retval = arg1;
        break;
      case 3:
        offset = NUM2ULONG(arg0);
        len    = NUM2ULONG(arg1);
        if (RB_TYPE_P(arg2, T_STRING)) {
            mem = StringValuePtr(arg2);
        }
        else if( rb_obj_is_kind_of(arg2, rb_cPointer) ){
            mem = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(arg2);
        }
        else{
            mem    = NUM2PTR(arg2);
        }
        memcpy((char *)data->ptr + offset, mem, len);
        retval = arg2;
        break;
      default:
        rb_bug("rb_fiddle_ptr_aset()");
    }
    return retval;
}
            
eql?(other) => true or false click to toggle source

Returns true if other wraps the same pointer, otherwise returns false.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_eql(VALUE self, VALUE other)
{
    void *ptr1, *ptr2;

    if(!rb_obj_is_kind_of(other, rb_cPointer)) return Qfalse;

    ptr1 = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(self);
    ptr2 = rb_fiddle_ptr2cptr(other);

    return ptr1 == ptr2 ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}
            
free => Fiddle::Function click to toggle source

Get the free function for this pointer.

Returns a new instance of Fiddle::Function.

See Fiddle::Function.new

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_free_get(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *pdata;
    VALUE address;
    VALUE arg_types;
    VALUE ret_type;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, pdata);

    if (!pdata->free)
        return Qnil;

    address = PTR2NUM(pdata->free);
    ret_type = INT2NUM(TYPE_VOID);
    arg_types = rb_ary_new();
    rb_ary_push(arg_types, INT2NUM(TYPE_VOIDP));

    return rb_fiddle_new_function(address, arg_types, ret_type);
}
            
free=(function) click to toggle source

Set the free function for this pointer to function in the given Fiddle::Function.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_free_set(VALUE self, VALUE val)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    data->free = get_freefunc(val, &data->wrap[1]);

    return Qnil;
}
            
inspect click to toggle source

Returns a string formatted with an easily readable representation of the internal state of the pointer.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_inspect(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_sprintf("#<%"PRIsVALUE":%p ptr=%p size=%ld free=%p>",
                      RB_OBJ_CLASSNAME(self), data, data->ptr, data->size, data->free);
}
            
null? click to toggle source

Returns true if this is a null pointer.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_null_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return data->ptr ? Qfalse : Qtrue;
}
            
ptr click to toggle source

Returns a new Fiddle::Pointer instance that is a dereferenced pointer for this pointer.

Analogous to the star operator in C.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_ptr(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_fiddle_ptr_new(*((void**)(data->ptr)),0,0);
}
            
ref click to toggle source

Returns a new Fiddle::Pointer instance that is a reference pointer for this pointer.

Analogous to the ampersand operator in C.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_ref(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return rb_fiddle_ptr_new(&(data->ptr),0,0);
}
            
size click to toggle source

Get the size of this pointer.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_size_get(VALUE self)
{
    return LONG2NUM(RPTR_DATA(self)->size);
}
            
size=(size) click to toggle source

Set the size of this pointer to size

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_size_set(VALUE self, VALUE size)
{
    RPTR_DATA(self)->size = NUM2LONG(size);
    return size;
}
            
to_i click to toggle source

Returns the integer memory location of this pointer.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_to_i(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return PTR2NUM(data->ptr);
}
            
to_i click to toggle source

Returns the integer memory location of this pointer.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_to_i(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return PTR2NUM(data->ptr);
}
            
to_s => string click to toggle source
to_s(len) => string

Returns the pointer contents as a string.

When called with no arguments, this method will return the contents until the first NULL byte.

When called with len, a string of len bytes will be returned.

See #to_str

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_to_s(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;
    VALUE arg1, val;
    int len;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    switch (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &arg1)) {
      case 0:
        val = rb_tainted_str_new2((char*)(data->ptr));
        break;
      case 1:
        len = NUM2INT(arg1);
        val = rb_tainted_str_new((char*)(data->ptr), len);
        break;
      default:
        rb_bug("rb_fiddle_ptr_to_s");
    }

    return val;
}
            
to_str => string click to toggle source
to_str(len) => string

Returns the pointer contents as a string.

When called with no arguments, this method will return the contents with the length of this pointer’s size.

When called with len, a string of len bytes will be returned.

See #to_s

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_to_str(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;
    VALUE arg1, val;
    int len;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    switch (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &arg1)) {
      case 0:
        val = rb_tainted_str_new((char*)(data->ptr),data->size);
        break;
      case 1:
        len = NUM2INT(arg1);
        val = rb_tainted_str_new((char*)(data->ptr), len);
        break;
      default:
        rb_bug("rb_fiddle_ptr_to_str");
    }

    return val;
}
            
to_value click to toggle source

Cast this pointer to a ruby object.

 
               static VALUE
rb_fiddle_ptr_to_value(VALUE self)
{
    struct ptr_data *data;
    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct ptr_data, &fiddle_ptr_data_type, data);
    return (VALUE)(data->ptr);
}
            

Commenting is here to help enhance the documentation. For example, code samples, or clarification of the documentation.

If you have questions about Ruby or the documentation, please post to one of the Ruby mailing lists. You will get better, faster, help that way.

If you wish to post a correction of the docs, please do so, but also file bug report so that it can be corrected for the next release. Thank you.

If you want to help improve the Ruby documentation, please visit Documenting-ruby.org.

blog comments powered by Disqus