Maintenance of Ruby 2.0.0 ended on February 24, 2016. Read more

In Files

  • xmlrpc/server.rb


This is the base class for all XML-RPC server-types (CGI, standalone). You can add handler and set a default handler. Do not use this server, as this is/should be an abstract class.

How the method to call is found

The arity (number of accepted arguments) of a handler (method or Proc object) is compared to the given arguments submitted by the client for a RPC, or Remote Procedure Call.

A handler is only called if it accepts the number of arguments, otherwise the search for another handler will go on. When at the end no handler was found, the default_handler, #set_default_handler will be called.

With this technique it is possible to do overloading by number of parameters, but only for Proc handler, because you cannot define two methods of the same name in the same class.

Public Class Methods

new(class_delim=".") click to toggle source

Creates a new XMLRPC::BasicServer instance, which should not be done, because XMLRPC::BasicServer is an abstract class. This method should be called from a subclass indirectly by a super call in the initialize method.

The paramter class_delim is used by #add_handler, see #add_handler, when an object is added as a handler, to delimit the object-prefix and the method-name.

               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 56
def initialize(class_delim=".")
  @handler = []
  @default_handler = nil
  @service_hook = nil

  @class_delim = class_delim
  @create = nil
  @parser = nil

  add_multicall     if Config::ENABLE_MULTICALL
  add_introspection if Config::ENABLE_INTROSPECTION

Public Instance Methods

add_handler(prefix, obj_or_signature=nil, help=nil, &block) click to toggle source

Adds aBlock to the list of handlers, with name as the name of the method.

Parameters signature and help are used by the Introspection method if specified, where signature is either an Array containing strings each representing a type of it’s signature (the first is the return value) or an Array of Arrays if the method has multiple signatures.

Value type-names are “int, boolean, double, string, dateTime.iso8601, base64, array, struct”.

Parameter help is a String with information about how to call this method etc.

When a method fails, it can tell the client by throwing an XMLRPC::FaultException like in this example:

s.add_handler("michael.div") do |a,b|
  if b == 0
    raise, "division by zero")
    a / b

In the case of b==0 the client gets an object back of type XMLRPC::FaultException that has a faultCode and faultString field.

This is the second form of ((<add_handler|XMLRPC::BasicServer#add_handler>)). To add an object write:


All public methods of MyHandlerClass are accessible to the XML-RPC clients by michael."name of method". This is where the class_delim in ::new plays it’s role, a XML-RPC method-name is defined by prefix + class_delim + "name of method".

The third form of +add_handler is to use XMLRPC::Service::Interface to generate an object, which represents an interface (with signature and help text) for a handler class.

The interface parameter must be an instance of XMLRPC::Service::Interface. Adds all methods of obj which are defined in the interface to the server.

This is the recommended way of adding services to a server!

               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 115
def add_handler(prefix, obj_or_signature=nil, help=nil, &block)
  if block_given?
    # proc-handler
    @handler << [prefix, block, obj_or_signature, help]
    if prefix.kind_of? String
      # class-handler
      raise ArgumentError, "Expected non-nil value" if obj_or_signature.nil?
      @handler << [prefix + @class_delim, obj_or_signature]
    elsif prefix.kind_of? XMLRPC::Service::BasicInterface
      # class-handler with interface
      # add all methods
      @handler += prefix.get_methods(obj_or_signature, @class_delim)
      raise ArgumentError, "Wrong type for parameter 'prefix'"
add_introspection() click to toggle source

Adds the introspection handlers "system.listMethods", "system.methodSignature" and "system.methodHelp", where only the first one works.

               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 236
def add_introspection
  add_handler("system.listMethods",%w(array), "List methods available on this XML-RPC server") do
    methods = []
    @handler.each do |name, obj|
      if obj.kind_of? Proc
        methods << name
        obj.class.public_instance_methods(false).each do |meth|
          methods << "#{name}#{meth}"

  add_handler("system.methodSignature", %w(array string), "Returns method signature") do |meth|
    sigs = []
    @handler.each do |name, obj, sig|
      if obj.kind_of? Proc and sig != nil and name == meth
        if sig[0].kind_of? Array
          # sig contains multiple signatures, e.g. [["array"], ["array", "string"]]
          sig.each {|s| sigs << s}
          # sig is a single signature, e.g. ["array"]
          sigs << sig
    sigs.uniq! || sigs  # remove eventually duplicated signatures

  add_handler("system.methodHelp", %w(string string), "Returns help on using this method") do |meth|
    help = nil
    @handler.each do |name, obj, sig, hlp|
      if obj.kind_of? Proc and name == meth
        help = hlp
    help || ""

add_multicall() click to toggle source

Adds the multi-call handler "system.multicall".

               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 191
def add_multicall
  add_handler("system.multicall", %w(array array), "Multicall Extension") do |arrStructs|
    unless arrStructs.is_a? Array
      raise, "system.multicall expects an array")

    arrStructs.collect {|call|
      if call.is_a? Hash
        methodName = call["methodName"]
        params     = call["params"]

        if params.nil?
          multicall_fault(ERR_MC_MISSING_PARAMS, "Missing params")
        elsif methodName.nil?
          multicall_fault(ERR_MC_MISSING_METHNAME, "Missing methodName")
          if methodName == "system.multicall"
            multicall_fault(ERR_MC_RECURSIVE_CALL, "Recursive system.multicall forbidden")
            unless params.is_a? Array
              multicall_fault(ERR_MC_WRONG_PARAM_PARAMS, "Parameter params have to be an Array")
              ok, val = call_method(methodName, *params)
              if ok
                # correct return value
                # exception
                multicall_fault(val.faultCode, val.faultString)

        multicall_fault(ERR_MC_EXPECTED_STRUCT, "system.multicall expected struct")
  end # end add_handler
get_default_handler() click to toggle source

Returns the default-handler, which is called when no handler for a method-name is found.

It is either a Proc object or nil.

               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 170
def get_default_handler
get_service_hook() click to toggle source

Returns the service-hook, which is called on each service request (RPC) unless it’s nil.

               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 137
def get_service_hook
process(data) click to toggle source
               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 283
def process(data)
  method, params = parser().parseMethodCall(data)
  handle(method, *params)
set_default_handler(&handler) click to toggle source

Sets handler as the default-handler, which is called when no handler for a method-name is found.

handler is a code-block.

The default-handler is called with the (XML-RPC) method-name as first argument, and the other arguments are the parameters given by the client-call.

If no block is specified the default of XMLRPC::BasicServer is used, which raises a XMLRPC::FaultException saying “method missing”.

               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 185
def set_default_handler(&handler)
  @default_handler = handler
set_service_hook(&handler) click to toggle source

A service-hook is called for each service request (RPC).

You can use a service-hook for example to wrap existing methods and catch exceptions of them or convert values to values recognized by XMLRPC.

You can disable it by passing nil as the handler parameter.

The service-hook is called with a Proc object along with any parameters.

An example:

server.set_service_hook {|obj, *args|
    ret =*args)  # call the original service-method
    # could convert the return value
    # rescue exceptions
               # File xmlrpc/server.rb, line 161
def set_service_hook(&handler)
  @service_hook = handler

Commenting is here to help enhance the documentation. For example, code samples, or clarification of the documentation.

If you have questions about Ruby or the documentation, please post to one of the Ruby mailing lists. You will get better, faster, help that way.

If you wish to post a correction of the docs, please do so, but also file bug report so that it can be corrected for the next release. Thank you.

If you want to help improve the Ruby documentation, please visit