In Files

  • ipaddr.rb

IPAddr

IPAddr provides a set of methods to manipulate an IP address. Both IPv4 and IPv6 are supported.

Example

require 'ipaddr'

ipaddr1 = IPAddr.new "3ffe:505:2::1"

p ipaddr1                   #=> #<IPAddr: IPv6:3ffe:0505:0002:0000:0000:0000:0000:0001/ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff>

p ipaddr1.to_s              #=> "3ffe:505:2::1"

ipaddr2 = ipaddr1.mask(48)  #=> #<IPAddr: IPv6:3ffe:0505:0002:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000/ffff:ffff:ffff:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000>

p ipaddr2.to_s              #=> "3ffe:505:2::"

ipaddr3 = IPAddr.new "192.168.2.0/24"

p ipaddr3                   #=> #<IPAddr: IPv4:192.168.2.0/255.255.255.0>

Constants

IN4MASK

32 bit mask for IPv4

IN6FORMAT

Format string for IPv6

IN6MASK

128 bit mask for IPv4

RE_IPV4ADDRLIKE

Regexp internally used for parsing IPv4 address.

RE_IPV6ADDRLIKE_COMPRESSED

Regexp internally used for parsing IPv6 address.

RE_IPV6ADDRLIKE_FULL

Regexp internally used for parsing IPv6 address.

Attributes

family[R]

Returns the address family of this IP address.

Public Class Methods

new(addr = '::', family = Socket::AF_UNSPEC) click to toggle source

Creates a new ipaddr object either from a human readable IP address representation in string, or from a packed in_addr value followed by an address family.

In the former case, the following are the valid formats that will be recognized: “address”, “address/prefixlen” and “address/mask”, where IPv6 address may be enclosed in square brackets (`[' and `]'). If a prefixlen or a mask is specified, it returns a masked IP address. Although the address family is determined automatically from a specified string, you can specify one explicitly by the optional second argument.

Otherwise an IP address is generated from a packed in_addr value and an address family.

The IPAddr class defines many methods and operators, and some of those, such as &, |, include? and ==, accept a string, or a packed in_addr value instead of an IPAddr object.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 467
def initialize(addr = '::', family = Socket::AF_UNSPEC)
  if !addr.kind_of?(String)
    case family
    when Socket::AF_INET, Socket::AF_INET6
      set(addr.to_i, family)
      @mask_addr = (family == Socket::AF_INET) ? IN4MASK : IN6MASK
      return
    when Socket::AF_UNSPEC
      raise AddressFamilyError, "address family must be specified"
    else
      raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family: #{family}"
    end
  end
  prefix, prefixlen = addr.split('/')
  if prefix =~ /^\[(.*)\]$/
    prefix = $1
    family = Socket::AF_INET6
  end
  # It seems AI_NUMERICHOST doesn't do the job.
  #Socket.getaddrinfo(left, nil, Socket::AF_INET6, Socket::SOCK_STREAM, nil,
  #                  Socket::AI_NUMERICHOST)
  @addr = @family = nil
  if family == Socket::AF_UNSPEC || family == Socket::AF_INET
    @addr = in_addr(prefix)
    if @addr
      @family = Socket::AF_INET
    end
  end
  if !@addr && (family == Socket::AF_UNSPEC || family == Socket::AF_INET6)
    @addr = in6_addr(prefix)
    @family = Socket::AF_INET6
  end
  if family != Socket::AF_UNSPEC && @family != family
    raise AddressFamilyError, "address family mismatch"
  end
  if prefixlen
    mask!(prefixlen)
  else
    @mask_addr = (@family == Socket::AF_INET) ? IN4MASK : IN6MASK
  end
end
            
new_ntoh(addr) click to toggle source

Creates a new ipaddr containing the given network byte ordered string form of an IP address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 105
def IPAddr::new_ntoh(addr)
  return IPAddr.new(IPAddr::ntop(addr))
end
            
ntop(addr) click to toggle source

Convert a network byte ordered string form of an IP address into human readable form.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 111
def IPAddr::ntop(addr)
  case addr.size
  when 4
    s = addr.unpack('C4').join('.')
  when 16
    s = IN6FORMAT % addr.unpack('n8')
  else
    raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family"
  end
  return s
end
            

Public Instance Methods

&(other) click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by bitwise AND.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 124
def &(other)
  return self.clone.set(@addr & coerce_other(other).to_i)
end
            
<<(num) click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by bitwise left shift.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 139
def <<(num)
  return self.clone.set(addr_mask(@addr << num))
end
            
<=>(other) click to toggle source

Compares the ipaddr with another.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 335
def <=>(other)
  other = coerce_other(other)

  return nil if other.family != @family

  return @addr <=> other.to_i
end
            
==(other) click to toggle source

Returns true if two ipaddrs are equal.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 149
def ==(other)
  other = coerce_other(other)
  return @family == other.family && @addr == other.to_i
end
            
===(other) click to toggle source
Alias for: include?
>>(num) click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by bitwise right-shift.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 134
def >>(num)
  return self.clone.set(@addr >> num)
end
            
eql?(other) click to toggle source

Checks equality used by Hash.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 345
def eql?(other)
  return self.class == other.class && self.hash == other.hash && self == other
end
            
hash() click to toggle source

Returns a hash value used by Hash, Set, and Array classes

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 350
def hash
  return ([@addr, @mask_addr].hash << 1) | (ipv4? ? 0 : 1)
end
            
hton() click to toggle source

Returns a network byte ordered string form of the IP address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 235
def hton
  case @family
  when Socket::AF_INET
    return [@addr].pack('N')
  when Socket::AF_INET6
    return (0..7).map { |i|
      (@addr >> (112 - 16 * i)) & 0xffff
    }.pack('n8')
  else
    raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family"
  end
end
            
include?(other) click to toggle source

Returns true if the given ipaddr is in the range.

e.g.:

require 'ipaddr'
net1 = IPAddr.new("192.168.2.0/24")
net2 = IPAddr.new("192.168.2.100")
net3 = IPAddr.new("192.168.3.0")
p net1.include?(net2)     #=> true
p net1.include?(net3)     #=> false
 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 169
def include?(other)
  other = coerce_other(other)
  if ipv4_mapped?
    if (@mask_addr >> 32) != 0xffffffffffffffffffffffff
      return false
    end
    mask_addr = (@mask_addr & IN4MASK)
    addr = (@addr & IN4MASK)
    family = Socket::AF_INET
  else
    mask_addr = @mask_addr
    addr = @addr
    family = @family
  end
  if other.ipv4_mapped?
    other_addr = (other.to_i & IN4MASK)
    other_family = Socket::AF_INET
  else
    other_addr = other.to_i
    other_family = other.family
  end

  if family != other_family
    return false
  end
  return ((addr & mask_addr) == (other_addr & mask_addr))
end
            
Also aliased as: ===
inspect() click to toggle source

Returns a string containing a human-readable representation of the ipaddr. (“#<IPAddr: family:address/mask>”)

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 372
def inspect
  case @family
  when Socket::AF_INET
    af = "IPv4"
  when Socket::AF_INET6
    af = "IPv6"
  else
    raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family"
  end
  return sprintf("#<%s: %s:%s/%s>", self.class.name,
                 af, _to_string(@addr), _to_string(@mask_addr))
end
            
ip6_arpa() click to toggle source

Returns a string for DNS reverse lookup compatible with RFC3172.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 314
def ip6_arpa
  if !ipv6?
    raise InvalidAddressError, "not an IPv6 address"
  end
  return _reverse + ".ip6.arpa"
end
            
ip6_int() click to toggle source

Returns a string for DNS reverse lookup compatible with RFC1886.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 322
def ip6_int
  if !ipv6?
    raise InvalidAddressError, "not an IPv6 address"
  end
  return _reverse + ".ip6.int"
end
            
ipv4?() click to toggle source

Returns true if the ipaddr is an IPv4 address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 249
def ipv4?
  return @family == Socket::AF_INET
end
            
ipv4_compat() click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by converting the native IPv4 address into an IPv4-compatible IPv6 address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 283
def ipv4_compat
  if !ipv4?
    raise InvalidAddressError, "not an IPv4 address"
  end
  return self.clone.set(@addr, Socket::AF_INET6)
end
            
ipv4_compat?() click to toggle source

Returns true if the ipaddr is an IPv4-compatible IPv6 address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 264
def ipv4_compat?
  if !ipv6? || (@addr >> 32) != 0
    return false
  end
  a = (@addr & IN4MASK)
  return a != 0 && a != 1
end
            
ipv4_mapped() click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by converting the native IPv4 address into an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 274
def ipv4_mapped
  if !ipv4?
    raise InvalidAddressError, "not an IPv4 address"
  end
  return self.clone.set(@addr | 0xffff00000000, Socket::AF_INET6)
end
            
ipv4_mapped?() click to toggle source

Returns true if the ipaddr is an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 259
def ipv4_mapped?
  return ipv6? && (@addr >> 32) == 0xffff
end
            
ipv6?() click to toggle source

Returns true if the ipaddr is an IPv6 address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 254
def ipv6?
  return @family == Socket::AF_INET6
end
            
mask(prefixlen) click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by masking IP address with the given prefixlen/netmask. (e.g. 8, 64, “255.255.255.0”, etc.)

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 156
def mask(prefixlen)
  return self.clone.mask!(prefixlen)
end
            
native() click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by converting the IPv6 address into a native IPv4 address. If the IP address is not an IPv4-mapped or IPv4-compatible IPv6 address, returns self.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 293
def native
  if !ipv4_mapped? && !ipv4_compat?
    return self
  end
  return self.clone.set(@addr & IN4MASK, Socket::AF_INET)
end
            
reverse() click to toggle source

Returns a string for DNS reverse lookup. It returns a string in RFC3172 form for an IPv6 address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 302
def reverse
  case @family
  when Socket::AF_INET
    return _reverse + ".in-addr.arpa"
  when Socket::AF_INET6
    return ip6_arpa
  else
    raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family"
  end
end
            
succ() click to toggle source

Returns the successor to the ipaddr.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 330
def succ
  return self.clone.set(@addr + 1, @family)
end
            
to_i() click to toggle source

Returns the integer representation of the ipaddr.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 199
def to_i
  return @addr
end
            
to_range() click to toggle source

Creates a Range object for the network address.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 355
def to_range
  begin_addr = (@addr & @mask_addr)

  case @family
  when Socket::AF_INET
    end_addr = (@addr | (IN4MASK ^ @mask_addr))
  when Socket::AF_INET6
    end_addr = (@addr | (IN6MASK ^ @mask_addr))
  else
    raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family"
  end

  return clone.set(begin_addr, @family)..clone.set(end_addr, @family)
end
            
to_s() click to toggle source

Returns a string containing the IP address representation.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 204
def to_s
  str = to_string
  return str if ipv4?

  str.gsub!(/\b0{1,3}([\da-f]+)\b/, '\1')
  loop do
    break if str.sub!(/\A0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0\z/, '::')
    break if str.sub!(/\b0:0:0:0:0:0:0\b/, ':')
    break if str.sub!(/\b0:0:0:0:0:0\b/, ':')
    break if str.sub!(/\b0:0:0:0:0\b/, ':')
    break if str.sub!(/\b0:0:0:0\b/, ':')
    break if str.sub!(/\b0:0:0\b/, ':')
    break if str.sub!(/\b0:0\b/, ':')
    break
  end
  str.sub!(/:{3,}/, '::')

  if /\A::(ffff:)?([\da-f]{1,4}):([\da-f]{1,4})\z/ =~ str
    str = sprintf('::%s%d.%d.%d.%d', $1, $2.hex / 256, $2.hex % 256, $3.hex / 256, $3.hex % 256)
  end

  str
end
            
to_string() click to toggle source

Returns a string containing the IP address representation in canonical form.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 230
def to_string
  return _to_string(@addr)
end
            
|(other) click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by bitwise OR.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 129
def |(other)
  return self.clone.set(@addr | coerce_other(other).to_i)
end
            
~() click to toggle source

Returns a new ipaddr built by bitwise negation.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 144
def ~
  return self.clone.set(addr_mask(~@addr))
end
            

Protected Instance Methods

mask!(mask) click to toggle source

Set current netmask to given mask.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 411
def mask!(mask)
  if mask.kind_of?(String)
    if mask =~ /^\d+$/
      prefixlen = mask.to_i
    else
      m = IPAddr.new(mask)
      if m.family != @family
        raise InvalidPrefixError, "address family is not same"
      end
      @mask_addr = m.to_i
      @addr &= @mask_addr
      return self
    end
  else
    prefixlen = mask
  end
  case @family
  when Socket::AF_INET
    if prefixlen < 0 || prefixlen > 32
      raise InvalidPrefixError, "invalid length"
    end
    masklen = 32 - prefixlen
    @mask_addr = ((IN4MASK >> masklen) << masklen)
  when Socket::AF_INET6
    if prefixlen < 0 || prefixlen > 128
      raise InvalidPrefixError, "invalid length"
    end
    masklen = 128 - prefixlen
    @mask_addr = ((IN6MASK >> masklen) << masklen)
  else
    raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family"
  end
  @addr = ((@addr >> masklen) << masklen)
  return self
end
            
set(addr, *family) click to toggle source

Set +@addr+, the internal stored ip address, to given addr. The parameter addr is validated using the first family member, which is +Socket::AF_INET+ or +Socket::AF_INET6+.

 
               # File ipaddr.rb, line 390
def set(addr, *family)
  case family[0] ? family[0] : @family
  when Socket::AF_INET
    if addr < 0 || addr > IN4MASK
      raise InvalidAddressError, "invalid address"
    end
  when Socket::AF_INET6
    if addr < 0 || addr > IN6MASK
      raise InvalidAddressError, "invalid address"
    end
  else
    raise AddressFamilyError, "unsupported address family"
  end
  @addr = addr
  if family[0]
    @family = family[0]
  end
  return self
end