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  • date/date_core.c

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DateTime

datetime

Public Class Methods

_strptime(string[, format='%FT%T%z']) → hash click to toggle source

Parses the given representation of date and time with the given template, and returns a hash of parsed elements.

See also strptime(3) and strftime.
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s__strptime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    return date_s__strptime_internal(argc, argv, klass, "%FT%T%z");
}
            
civil([year=-4712[, month=1[, mday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source
new([year=-4712[, month=1[, mday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]]) → datetime

Creates a date-time object denoting the given calendar date.

For example:

DateTime.new(2001,2,3)    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.new(2001,-11,-26,-20,-55,-54,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_civil(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vm, vd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int m, d, h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "08", &vy, &vm, &vd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    m = 1;
    d = 1;

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 8:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 7:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 6:
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 5:
        num2int_with_frac(min, 5);
      case 4:
        num2int_with_frac(h, 4);
      case 3:
        num2int_with_frac(d, 3);
      case 2:
        m = NUM2INT(vm);
      case 1:
        y = vy;
    }

    if (guess_style(y, sg) < 0) {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rm, rd, rh, rmin, rs;

        if (!valid_gregorian_p(y, m, d,
                               &nth, &ry,
                               &rm, &rd))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, 0,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     ry, rm, rd,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    else {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rm, rd, rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2, ns;

        if (!valid_civil_p(y, m, d, sg,
                           &nth, &ry,
                           &rm, &rd, &rjd,
                           &ns))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     ry, rm, rd,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
            
commercial([cwyear=-4712[, cweek=1[, cwday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a date-time object denoting the given week date.

For example:

DateTime.commercial(2001) #=> #<DateTime: 2001-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.commercial(2002) #=> #<DateTime: 2001-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.commercial(2001,5,6,4,5,6,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_commercial(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vw, vd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int w, d, h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "08", &vy, &vw, &vd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    w = 1;
    d = 1;

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 8:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 7:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 6:
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 5:
        num2int_with_frac(min, 5);
      case 4:
        num2int_with_frac(h, 4);
      case 3:
        num2int_with_frac(d, 3);
      case 2:
        w = NUM2INT(vw);
      case 1:
        y = vy;
    }

    {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rw, rd, rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2, ns;

        if (!valid_commercial_p(y, w, d, sg,
                                &nth, &ry,
                                &rw, &rd, &rjd,
                                &ns))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     0, 0, 0,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
            
httpdate(string='Mon, 01 Jan -4712 00:00:00 GMT'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some RFC 2616 format.

For example:

DateTime.httpdate('Sat, 03 Feb 2001 04:05:06 GMT')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+00:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_httpdate(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 01 Jan -4712 00:00:00 GMT");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE hash = date_s__httpdate(klass, str);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
iso8601(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical ISO 8601 formats.

For example:

DateTime.iso8601('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.iso8601('20010203T040506+0700')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.iso8601('2001-W05-6T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_iso8601(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE hash = date_s__iso8601(klass, str);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
jd([jd=0[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a datetime object denoting the given chronological Julian day number.

For example:

DateTime.jd(2451944)      #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.jd(2451945)      #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-04T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.jd(Rational('0.5'))
                          #=> #<DateTime: -4712-01-01T12:00:00+00:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_jd(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vjd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, jd, fr, fr2, ret;
    int h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "06", &vjd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    jd = INT2FIX(0);

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 6:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 5:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 4:
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 3:
        num2int_with_frac(min, 3);
      case 2:
        num2int_with_frac(h, 2);
      case 1:
        num2num_with_frac(jd, 1);
    }

    {
        VALUE nth;
        int rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2;

        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        decode_jd(jd, &nth, &rjd);
        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     0, 0, 0,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
            
jisx0301(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical JIS X 0301 formats.

For example:

DateTime.jisx0301('H13.02.03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_jisx0301(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE hash = date_s__jisx0301(klass, str);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
civil([year=-4712[, month=1[, mday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source
new([year=-4712[, month=1[, mday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]]) → datetime

Creates a date-time object denoting the given calendar date.

For example:

DateTime.new(2001,2,3)    #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.new(2001,-11,-26,-20,-55,-54,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_civil(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vm, vd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int m, d, h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "08", &vy, &vm, &vd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    m = 1;
    d = 1;

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 8:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 7:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 6:
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 5:
        num2int_with_frac(min, 5);
      case 4:
        num2int_with_frac(h, 4);
      case 3:
        num2int_with_frac(d, 3);
      case 2:
        m = NUM2INT(vm);
      case 1:
        y = vy;
    }

    if (guess_style(y, sg) < 0) {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rm, rd, rh, rmin, rs;

        if (!valid_gregorian_p(y, m, d,
                               &nth, &ry,
                               &rm, &rd))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, 0,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     ry, rm, rd,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    else {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rm, rd, rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2, ns;

        if (!valid_civil_p(y, m, d, sg,
                           &nth, &ry,
                           &rm, &rd, &rjd,
                           &ns))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     ry, rm, rd,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
            
now([start=Date::ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a date-time object denoting the present time.

For example:

DateTime.now              #=> #<DateTime: 2011-06-11T21:20:44+09:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_now(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vsg, nth, ret;
    double sg;
#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
    struct timespec ts;
#else
    struct timeval tv;
#endif
    time_t sec;
    struct tm tm;
    long sf, of;
    int y, ry, m, d, h, min, s;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &vsg);

    if (argc < 1)
        sg = DEFAULT_SG;
    else
        sg = NUM2DBL(vsg);

#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
    if (clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &ts) == -1)
        rb_sys_fail("clock_gettime");
    sec = ts.tv_sec;
#else
    if (gettimeofday(&tv, NULL) == -1)
        rb_sys_fail("gettimeofday");
    sec = tv.tv_sec;
#endif
    tzset();
    if (!localtime_r(&sec, &tm))
        rb_sys_fail("localtime");

    y = tm.tm_year + 1900;
    m = tm.tm_mon + 1;
    d = tm.tm_mday;
    h = tm.tm_hour;
    min = tm.tm_min;
    s = tm.tm_sec;
    if (s == 60)
        s = 59;
#ifdef HAVE_STRUCT_TM_TM_GMTOFF
    of = tm.tm_gmtoff;
#elif defined(HAVE_VAR_TIMEZONE)
#ifdef HAVE_VAR_ALTZONE
    of = (long)-((tm.tm_isdst > 0) ? altzone : timezone);
#else
    of = (long)-timezone;
    if (tm.tm_isdst) {
        time_t sec2;

        tm.tm_isdst = 0;
        sec2 = mktime(&tm);
        of += (long)difftime(sec2, sec);
    }
#endif
#elif defined(HAVE_TIMEGM)
    {
        time_t sec2;

        sec2 = timegm(&tm);
        of = (long)difftime(sec2, sec);
    }
#else
    {
        struct tm tm2;
        time_t sec2;

        if (!gmtime_r(&sec, &tm2))
            rb_sys_fail("gmtime");
        tm2.tm_isdst = tm.tm_isdst;
        sec2 = mktime(&tm2);
        of = (long)difftime(sec, sec2);
    }
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
    sf = ts.tv_nsec;
#else
    sf = tv.tv_usec * 1000;
#endif

    if (of < -DAY_IN_SECONDS || of > DAY_IN_SECONDS) {
        of = 0;
        rb_warning("invalid offset is ignored");
    }

    decode_year(INT2FIX(y), -1, &nth, &ry);

    ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                 nth, 0,
                                 0, LONG2NUM(sf),
                                 (int)of, GREGORIAN,
                                 ry, m, d,
                                 h, min, s,
                                 HAVE_CIVIL | HAVE_TIME);
    {
        get_d1(ret);
        set_sg(dat, sg);
    }
    return ret;
}
            
ordinal([year=-4712[, yday=1[, hour=0[, minute=0[, second=0[, offset=0[, start=Date::ITALY]]]]]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a date-time object denoting the given ordinal date.

For example:

DateTime.ordinal(2001,34) #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 ...>
DateTime.ordinal(2001,34,4,5,6,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.ordinal(2001,-332,-20,-55,-54,'+7')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_ordinal(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE vy, vd, vh, vmin, vs, vof, vsg, y, fr, fr2, ret;
    int d, h, min, s, rof;
    double sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "07", &vy, &vd, &vh, &vmin, &vs, &vof, &vsg);

    y = INT2FIX(-4712);
    d = 1;

    h = min = s = 0;
    fr2 = INT2FIX(0);
    rof = 0;
    sg = DEFAULT_SG;

    switch (argc) {
      case 7:
        val2sg(vsg, sg);
      case 6:
        val2off(vof, rof);
      case 5:
        num2int_with_frac(s, positive_inf);
      case 4:
        num2int_with_frac(min, 4);
      case 3:
        num2int_with_frac(h, 3);
      case 2:
        num2int_with_frac(d, 2);
      case 1:
        y = vy;
    }

    {
        VALUE nth;
        int ry, rd, rh, rmin, rs, rjd, rjd2, ns;

        if (!valid_ordinal_p(y, d, sg,
                             &nth, &ry,
                             &rd, &rjd,
                             &ns))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        if (!c_valid_time_p(h, min, s, &rh, &rmin, &rs))
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid date");
        canon24oc();

        rjd2 = jd_local_to_utc(rjd,
                               time_to_df(rh, rmin, rs),
                               rof);

        ret = d_complex_new_internal(klass,
                                     nth, rjd2,
                                     0, INT2FIX(0),
                                     rof, sg,
                                     0, 0, 0,
                                     rh, rmin, rs,
                                     HAVE_JD | HAVE_TIME);
    }
    add_frac();
    return ret;
}
            
parse(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, comp=true[, start=ITALY]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Parses the given representation of date and time, and creates a date object.

If the optional second argument is true and the detected year is in the range “00” to “99”, makes it full.

For example:

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.parse('20010203T040506+0700')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.parse('3rd Feb 2001 04:05:06 PM')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T16:05:06+00:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_parse(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, comp, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &str, &comp, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        comp = Qtrue;
      case 2:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;

        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = comp;
        hash = date_s__parse(2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
rfc2822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source
rfc822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 2822 formats.

For example:

DateTime.rfc2822('Sat, 3 Feb 2001 04:05:06 +0700')
                         #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_rfc2822(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE hash = date_s__rfc2822(klass, str);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
rfc3339(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 3339 formats.

For example:

DateTime.rfc3339('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_rfc3339(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE hash = date_s__rfc3339(klass, str);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
rfc2822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source
rfc822(string='Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical RFC 2822 formats.

For example:

DateTime.rfc2822('Sat, 3 Feb 2001 04:05:06 +0700')
                         #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_rfc2822(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("Mon, 1 Jan -4712 00:00:00 +0000");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE hash = date_s__rfc2822(klass, str);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
strptime([string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, format='%FT%T%z'[ ,start=ITALY]]]) → datetime click to toggle source

Parses the given representation of date and time with the given template, and creates a date object.

For example:

DateTime.strptime('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00', '%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('03-02-2001 04:05:06 PM', '%d-%m-%Y %I:%M:%S %p')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T16:05:06+00:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('2001-W05-6T04:05:06+07:00', '%G-W%V-%uT%H:%M:%S%z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('2001 04 6 04 05 06 +7', '%Y %U %w %H %M %S %z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('2001 05 6 04 05 06 +7', '%Y %W %u %H %M %S %z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('-1', '%s')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 1969-12-31T23:59:59+00:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('-1000', '%Q')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 1969-12-31T23:59:59+00:00 ...>
DateTime.strptime('sat3feb014pm+7', '%a%d%b%y%H%p%z')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T16:00:00+07:00 ...>

See also strptime(3) and strftime.

 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_strptime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, fmt, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "03", &str, &fmt, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        fmt = rb_str_new2("%FT%T%z");
      case 2:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE argv2[2], hash;

        argv2[0] = str;
        argv2[1] = fmt;
        hash = date_s__strptime(2, argv2, klass);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            
xmlschema(string='-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00'[, start=ITALY]) → datetime click to toggle source

Creates a new Date object by parsing from a string according to some typical XML Schema formats.

For example:

DateTime.xmlschema('2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00')
                          #=> #<DateTime: 2001-02-03T04:05:06+07:00 ...>
 
               static VALUE
datetime_s_xmlschema(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE str, sg;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &sg);

    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
        str = rb_str_new2("-4712-01-01T00:00:00+00:00");
      case 1:
        sg = INT2FIX(DEFAULT_SG);
    }

    {
        VALUE hash = date_s__xmlschema(klass, str);
        return dt_new_by_frags(klass, hash, sg);
    }
}
            

Public Instance Methods

iso8601([n=0]) → string click to toggle source
xmlschema([n=0]) → string

This method is equivalent to strftime('%FT%T'). The optional argument n is length of fractional seconds.

For example:

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').iso8601(9)
                          #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
 
               static VALUE
dt_lite_iso8601(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);

    if (argc < 1)
        n = INT2FIX(0);

    return f_add(strftimev("%Y-%m-%d", self, set_tmx),
                 iso8601_timediv(self, n));
}
            
jisx0301([n=0]) → string click to toggle source

Returns a string in a JIS X 0301 format. The optional argument n is length of fractional seconds.

For example:

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').jisx0301(9)
                          #=> "H13.02.03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
 
               static VALUE
dt_lite_jisx0301(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n, s;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);

    if (argc < 1)
        n = INT2FIX(0);

    {
        get_d1(self);
        s = jisx0301_date(m_real_local_jd(dat),
                          m_real_year(dat));
        return rb_str_append(strftimev(RSTRING_PTR(s), self, set_tmx),
                             iso8601_timediv(self, n));
    }
}
            
rfc3339([n=0]) → string click to toggle source

This method is equivalent to strftime('%FT%T'). The optional argument n is length of fractional seconds.

For example:

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').rfc3339(9)
                          #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
 
               static VALUE
dt_lite_rfc3339(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    return dt_lite_iso8601(argc, argv, self);
}
            
strftime([format='%FT%T%:z']) → string click to toggle source
Formats date according to the directives in the given format
string.
The directives begins with a percent (%Q( character.
Any text not listed as a directive will be passed through to the
output string.

The directive consists of a percent (%) character,
zero or more flags, optional minimum field width,
optional modifier and a conversion specifier
as follows.

  %<flags><width><modifier><conversion>

Flags:
  -  don't pad a numerical output.
  _  use spaces for padding.
  0  use zeros for padding.
  ^  upcase the result string.
  #  change case.
  :  use colons for %z.

The minimum field width specifies the minimum width.

The modifier is "E" and "O".
They are ignored.

Format directives:

  Date (Year, Month, Day):
    %Y - Year with century (can be negative, 4 digits at least)
            -0001, 0000, 1995, 2009, 14292, etc.
    %C - year / 100 (round down.  20 in 2009)
    %y - year % 100 (00..99)

    %m - Month of the year, zero-padded (01..12)
            %_m  blank-padded ( 1..12)
            %-m  no-padded (1..12)
    %B - The full month name (``January'')
            %^B  uppercased (``JANUARY'')
    %b - The abbreviated month name (``Jan'')
            %^b  uppercased (``JAN'')
    %h - Equivalent to %b

    %d - Day of the month, zero-padded (01..31)
            %-d  no-padded (1..31)
    %e - Day of the month, blank-padded ( 1..31)

    %j - Day of the year (001..366)

  Time (Hour, Minute, Second, Subsecond):
    %H - Hour of the day, 24-hour clock, zero-padded (00..23)
    %k - Hour of the day, 24-hour clock, blank-padded ( 0..23)
    %I - Hour of the day, 12-hour clock, zero-padded (01..12)
    %l - Hour of the day, 12-hour clock, blank-padded ( 1..12)
    %P - Meridian indicator, lowercase (``am'' or ``pm'')
    %p - Meridian indicator, uppercase (``AM'' or ``PM'')

    %M - Minute of the hour (00..59)

    %S - Second of the minute (00..59)

    %L - Millisecond of the second (000..999)
    %N - Fractional seconds digits, default is 9 digits (nanosecond)
            %3N  millisecond (3 digits)
            %6N  microsecond (6 digits)
            %9N  nanosecond (9 digits)
            %12N picosecond (12 digits)

  Time zone:
    %z - Time zone as hour and minute offset from UTC (e.g. +0900)
            %:z - hour and minute offset from UTC with a colon (e.g. +09:00)
            %::z - hour, minute and second offset from UTC (e.g. +09:00:00)
            %:::z - hour, minute and second offset from UTC
                                              (e.g. +09, +09:30, +09:30:30)
    %Z - Time zone abbreviation name

  Weekday:
    %A - The full weekday name (``Sunday'')
            %^A  uppercased (``SUNDAY'')
    %a - The abbreviated name (``Sun'')
            %^a  uppercased (``SUN'')
    %u - Day of the week (Monday is 1, 1..7)
    %w - Day of the week (Sunday is 0, 0..6)

  ISO 8601 week-based year and week number:
  The week 1 of YYYY starts with a Monday and includes YYYY-01-04.
  The days in the year before the first week are in the last week of
  the previous year.
    %G - The week-based year
    %g - The last 2 digits of the week-based year (00..99)
    %V - Week number of the week-based year (01..53)

  Week number:
  The week 1 of YYYY starts with a Sunday or Monday (according to %U
  or %W).  The days in the year before the first week are in week 0.
    %U - Week number of the year.  The week starts with Sunday.  (00..53)
    %W - Week number of the year.  The week starts with Monday.  (00..53)

  Seconds since the Unix Epoch:
    %s - Number of seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC.
    %Q - Number of milliseconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC.

  Literal string:
    %n - Newline character (\n)
    %t - Tab character (\t)
    %% - Literal ``%'' character

  Combination:
    %c - date and time (%a %b %e %T %Y)
    %D - Date (%m/%d/%y)
    %F - The ISO 8601 date format (%Y-%m-%d)
    %v - VMS date (%e-%b-%Y)
    %x - Same as %D
    %X - Same as %T
    %r - 12-hour time (%I:%M:%S %p)
    %R - 24-hour time (%H:%M)
    %T - 24-hour time (%H:%M:%S)
    %+ - date(1) (%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y)

This method is similar to strftime() function defined in ISO C and POSIX.
Several directives (%a, %A, %b, %B, %c, %p, %r, %x, %X, %E*, %O* and %Z)
are locale dependent in the function.
However this method is locale independent.
So, the result may differ even if a same format string is used in other
systems such as C.
It is good practice to avoid %x and %X because there are corresponding
locale independent representations, %D and %T.

Examples:

  d = DateTime.new(2007,11,19,8,37,48,"-06:00")
                            #=> #<DateTime: 2007-11-19T08:37:48-0600 ...>
  d.strftime("Printed on %m/%d/%Y")   #=> "Printed on 11/19/2007"
  d.strftime("at %I:%M%p")            #=> "at 08:37AM"

Various ISO 8601 formats:
  %Y%m%d           => 20071119                  Calendar date (basic)
  %F               => 2007-11-19                Calendar date (extended)
  %Y-%m            => 2007-11                   Calendar date, reduced accuracy, specific month
  %Y               => 2007                      Calendar date, reduced accuracy, specific year
  %C               => 20                        Calendar date, reduced accuracy, specific century
  %Y%j             => 2007323                   Ordinal date (basic)
  %Y-%j            => 2007-323                  Ordinal date (extended)
  %GW%V%u          => 2007W471                  Week date (basic)
  %G-W%V-%u        => 2007-W47-1                Week date (extended)
  %GW%V            => 2007W47                   Week date, reduced accuracy, specific week (basic)
  %G-W%V           => 2007-W47                  Week date, reduced accuracy, specific week (extended)
  %H%M%S           => 083748                    Local time (basic)
  %T               => 08:37:48                  Local time (extended)
  %H%M             => 0837                      Local time, reduced accuracy, specific minute (basic)
  %H:%M            => 08:37                     Local time, reduced accuracy, specific minute (extended)
  %H               => 08                        Local time, reduced accuracy, specific hour
  %H%M%S,%L        => 083748,000                Local time with decimal fraction, comma as decimal sign (basic)
  %T,%L            => 08:37:48,000              Local time with decimal fraction, comma as decimal sign (extended)
  %H%M%S.%L        => 083748.000                Local time with decimal fraction, full stop as decimal sign (basic)
  %T.%L            => 08:37:48.000              Local time with decimal fraction, full stop as decimal sign (extended)
  %H%M%S%z         => 083748-0600               Local time and the difference from UTC (basic)
  %T%:z            => 08:37:48-06:00            Local time and the difference from UTC (extended)
  %Y%m%dT%H%M%S%z  => 20071119T083748-0600      Date and time of day for calendar date (basic)
  %FT%T%:z         => 2007-11-19T08:37:48-06:00 Date and time of day for calendar date (extended)
  %Y%jT%H%M%S%z    => 2007323T083748-0600       Date and time of day for ordinal date (basic)
  %Y-%jT%T%:z      => 2007-323T08:37:48-06:00   Date and time of day for ordinal date (extended)
  %GW%V%uT%H%M%S%z => 2007W471T083748-0600      Date and time of day for week date (basic)
  %G-W%V-%uT%T%:z  => 2007-W47-1T08:37:48-06:00 Date and time of day for week date (extended)
  %Y%m%dT%H%M      => 20071119T0837             Calendar date and local time (basic)
  %FT%R            => 2007-11-19T08:37          Calendar date and local time (extended)
  %Y%jT%H%MZ       => 2007323T0837Z             Ordinal date and UTC of day (basic)
  %Y-%jT%RZ        => 2007-323T08:37Z           Ordinal date and UTC of day (extended)
  %GW%V%uT%H%M%z   => 2007W471T0837-0600        Week date and local time and difference from UTC (basic)
  %G-W%V-%uT%R%:z  => 2007-W47-1T08:37-06:00    Week date and local time and difference from UTC (extended)

See also strftime(3) and strptime.

 
               static VALUE
dt_lite_strftime(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    return date_strftime_internal(argc, argv, self,
                                  "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%:z", set_tmx);
}
            
to_date → date click to toggle source

Returns a Date object which denotes self.

 
               static VALUE
datetime_to_date(VALUE self)
{
    get_d1a(self);

    if (simple_dat_p(adat)) {
        VALUE new = d_lite_s_alloc_simple(cDate);
        {
            get_d1b(new);
            bdat->s = adat->s;
            bdat->s.jd = m_local_jd(adat);
            return new;
        }
    }
    else {
        VALUE new = d_lite_s_alloc_simple(cDate);
        {
            get_d1b(new);
            copy_complex_to_simple(&bdat->s, &adat->c)
            bdat->s.jd = m_local_jd(adat);
            bdat->s.flags &= ~(HAVE_DF | HAVE_TIME | COMPLEX_DAT);
            return new;
        }
    }
}
            
to_datetime → self click to toggle source

Returns self.

 
               static VALUE
datetime_to_datetime(VALUE self)
{
    return self;
}
            
to_s → string click to toggle source

Returns a string in an ISO 8601 format (This method doesn't use the expanded representations).

For example:

DateTime.new(2001,2,3,4,5,6,'-7').to_s
                         #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06-07:00"
 
               static VALUE
dt_lite_to_s(VALUE self)
{
    return strftimev("%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S%:z", self, set_tmx);
}
            
to_time → time click to toggle source

Returns a Time object which denotes self.

 
               static VALUE
datetime_to_time(VALUE self)
{
    volatile VALUE dup = dup_obj_with_new_offset(self, 0);
    {
        VALUE t;

        get_d1(dup);

        t = f_utc6(rb_cTime,
                   m_real_year(dat),
                   INT2FIX(m_mon(dat)),
                   INT2FIX(m_mday(dat)),
                   INT2FIX(m_hour(dat)),
                   INT2FIX(m_min(dat)),
                   f_add(INT2FIX(m_sec(dat)),
                         m_sf_in_sec(dat)));
        return f_getlocal(t);
    }
}
            
iso8601([n=0]) → string click to toggle source
xmlschema([n=0]) → string

This method is equivalent to strftime('%FT%T'). The optional argument n is length of fractional seconds.

For example:

DateTime.parse('2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00').iso8601(9)
                          #=> "2001-02-03T04:05:06.123456789+07:00"
 
               static VALUE
dt_lite_iso8601(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE n;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &n);

    if (argc < 1)
        n = INT2FIX(0);

    return f_add(strftimev("%Y-%m-%d", self, set_tmx),
                 iso8601_timediv(self, n));
}