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  • openssl/lib/openssl/cipher.rb
  • openssl/ossl.c

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OpenSSL::Cipher

Public Class Methods

ciphers → array[string...] click to toggle source

Returns the names of all available ciphers in an array.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_s_ciphers(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE ary;

    ary = rb_ary_new();
    OBJ_NAME_do_all_sorted(OBJ_NAME_TYPE_CIPHER_METH,
                    (void(*)(const OBJ_NAME*,void*))add_cipher_name_to_ary,
                    (void*)ary);

    return ary;
}
            
new(string) → cipher click to toggle source

The string must contain a valid cipher name like “AES-128-CBC” or “3DES”.

A list of cipher names is available by calling ::ciphers.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_initialize(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;
    const EVP_CIPHER *cipher;
    char *name;

    name = StringValuePtr(str);
    GetCipher(self, ctx);
    if (!(cipher = EVP_get_cipherbyname(name))) {
        ossl_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "unsupported cipher algorithm (%s)", name);
    }
    if (EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, cipher, NULL, NULL, NULL, -1) != 1)
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);

    return self;
}
            

Public Instance Methods

block_size → integer click to toggle source
 
               static VALUE ossl_cipher_block_size() { }
#endif

/*
 * INIT
 */
void
Init_ossl_cipher(void)
{
#if 0 /* let rdoc know about mOSSL */
    mOSSL = rb_define_module("OpenSSL");
#endif
    cCipher = rb_define_class_under(mOSSL, "Cipher", rb_cObject);
    eCipherError = rb_define_class_under(cCipher, "CipherError", eOSSLError);

    rb_define_alloc_func(cCipher, ossl_cipher_alloc);
    rb_define_copy_func(cCipher, ossl_cipher_copy);
    rb_define_module_function(cCipher, "ciphers", ossl_s_ciphers, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "initialize", ossl_cipher_initialize, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "reset", ossl_cipher_reset, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "encrypt", ossl_cipher_encrypt, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "decrypt", ossl_cipher_decrypt, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "pkcs5_keyivgen", ossl_cipher_pkcs5_keyivgen, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "update", ossl_cipher_update, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "final", ossl_cipher_final, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "name", ossl_cipher_name, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key=", ossl_cipher_set_key, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key_len=", ossl_cipher_set_key_length, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key_len", ossl_cipher_key_length, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "iv=", ossl_cipher_set_iv, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "iv_len", ossl_cipher_iv_length, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "block_size", ossl_cipher_block_size, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "padding=", ossl_cipher_set_padding, 1);
}
            
decrypt → self click to toggle source

Make sure to call .encrypt or .decrypt before using any of the following methods:

Internally calls EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0).

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_decrypt(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    return ossl_cipher_init(argc, argv, self, 0);
}
            
encrypt → self click to toggle source

Make sure to call .encrypt or .decrypt before using any of the following methods:

Internally calls EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 1).

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_encrypt(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    return ossl_cipher_init(argc, argv, self, 1);
}
            
final → aString click to toggle source

Returns the remaining data held in the cipher object. Further calls to update() or final() will return garbage.

See EVP_CipherFinal_ex for further information.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_final(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;
    int out_len;
    VALUE str;

    GetCipher(self, ctx);
    str = rb_str_new(0, EVP_CIPHER_CTX_block_size(ctx));
    if (!EVP_CipherFinal_ex(ctx, (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(str), &out_len))
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);
    assert(out_len <= RSTRING_LEN(str));
    rb_str_set_len(str, out_len);

    return str;
}
            
iv = string → string click to toggle source

Sets the cipher iv.

Only call this method after calling cipher.encrypt or cipher.decrypt.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_set_iv(VALUE self, VALUE iv)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;

    StringValue(iv);
    GetCipher(self, ctx);

    if (RSTRING_LEN(iv) < EVP_CIPHER_CTX_iv_length(ctx))
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, "iv length too short");

    if (EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, NULL, (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(iv), -1) != 1)
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);

    return iv;
}
            
iv_length → integer click to toggle source
 
               static VALUE ossl_cipher_iv_length() { }
/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     cipher.block_size -> integer
 *
 */
static VALUE ossl_cipher_block_size() { }
#endif

/*
 * INIT
 */
void
Init_ossl_cipher(void)
{
#if 0 /* let rdoc know about mOSSL */
    mOSSL = rb_define_module("OpenSSL");
#endif
    cCipher = rb_define_class_under(mOSSL, "Cipher", rb_cObject);
    eCipherError = rb_define_class_under(cCipher, "CipherError", eOSSLError);

    rb_define_alloc_func(cCipher, ossl_cipher_alloc);
    rb_define_copy_func(cCipher, ossl_cipher_copy);
    rb_define_module_function(cCipher, "ciphers", ossl_s_ciphers, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "initialize", ossl_cipher_initialize, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "reset", ossl_cipher_reset, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "encrypt", ossl_cipher_encrypt, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "decrypt", ossl_cipher_decrypt, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "pkcs5_keyivgen", ossl_cipher_pkcs5_keyivgen, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "update", ossl_cipher_update, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "final", ossl_cipher_final, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "name", ossl_cipher_name, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key=", ossl_cipher_set_key, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key_len=", ossl_cipher_set_key_length, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key_len", ossl_cipher_key_length, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "iv=", ossl_cipher_set_iv, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "iv_len", ossl_cipher_iv_length, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "block_size", ossl_cipher_block_size, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "padding=", ossl_cipher_set_padding, 1);
}
            
key = string → string click to toggle source

Sets the cipher key.

Only call this method after calling cipher.encrypt or cipher.decrypt.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_set_key(VALUE self, VALUE key)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;

    StringValue(key);
    GetCipher(self, ctx);

    if (RSTRING_LEN(key) < EVP_CIPHER_CTX_key_length(ctx))
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, "key length too short");

    if (EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(key), NULL, -1) != 1)
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);

    return key;
}
            
key_length → integer click to toggle source
 
               static VALUE ossl_cipher_key_length() { }
/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     cipher.iv_length -> integer
 *
 */
static VALUE ossl_cipher_iv_length() { }
/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     cipher.block_size -> integer
 *
 */
static VALUE ossl_cipher_block_size() { }
#endif

/*
 * INIT
 */
void
Init_ossl_cipher(void)
{
#if 0 /* let rdoc know about mOSSL */
    mOSSL = rb_define_module("OpenSSL");
#endif
    cCipher = rb_define_class_under(mOSSL, "Cipher", rb_cObject);
    eCipherError = rb_define_class_under(cCipher, "CipherError", eOSSLError);

    rb_define_alloc_func(cCipher, ossl_cipher_alloc);
    rb_define_copy_func(cCipher, ossl_cipher_copy);
    rb_define_module_function(cCipher, "ciphers", ossl_s_ciphers, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "initialize", ossl_cipher_initialize, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "reset", ossl_cipher_reset, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "encrypt", ossl_cipher_encrypt, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "decrypt", ossl_cipher_decrypt, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "pkcs5_keyivgen", ossl_cipher_pkcs5_keyivgen, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "update", ossl_cipher_update, -1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "final", ossl_cipher_final, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "name", ossl_cipher_name, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key=", ossl_cipher_set_key, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key_len=", ossl_cipher_set_key_length, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "key_len", ossl_cipher_key_length, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "iv=", ossl_cipher_set_iv, 1);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "iv_len", ossl_cipher_iv_length, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "block_size", ossl_cipher_block_size, 0);
    rb_define_method(cCipher, "padding=", ossl_cipher_set_padding, 1);
}
            
key_length = integer → integer click to toggle source

Sets the key length of the cipher. If the cipher is a fixed length cipher then attempting to set the key length to any value other than the fixed value is an error.

Under normal circumstances you do not need to call this method (and probably shouldn’t).

See EVP_CIPHER_CTX_set_key_length for further information.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_set_key_length(VALUE self, VALUE key_length)
{
    int len = NUM2INT(key_length);
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;

    GetCipher(self, ctx);
    if (EVP_CIPHER_CTX_set_key_length(ctx, len) != 1)
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);

    return key_length;
}
            
name → string click to toggle source

Returns the name of the cipher which may differ slightly from the original name provided.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_name(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;

    GetCipher(self, ctx);

    return rb_str_new2(EVP_CIPHER_name(EVP_CIPHER_CTX_cipher(ctx)));
}
            
padding = integer → integer click to toggle source

Enables or disables padding. By default encryption operations are padded using standard block padding and the padding is checked and removed when decrypting. If the pad parameter is zero then no padding is performed, the total amount of data encrypted or decrypted must then be a multiple of the block size or an error will occur.

See EVP_CIPHER_CTX_set_padding for further information.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_set_padding(VALUE self, VALUE padding)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;
    int pad = NUM2INT(padding);

    GetCipher(self, ctx);
    if (EVP_CIPHER_CTX_set_padding(ctx, pad) != 1)
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);
    return padding;
}
            
pkcs5_keyivgen(pass [, salt [, iterations [, digest]]] ) → nil click to toggle source

Generates and sets the key/iv based on a password.

WARNING: This method is only PKCS5 v1.5 compliant when using RC2, RC4-40, or DES with MD5 or SHA1. Using anything else (like AES) will generate the key/iv using an OpenSSL specific method. Use a PKCS5 v2 key generation method instead.

Parameters

salt must be an 8 byte string if provided. iterations is a integer with a default of 2048. digest is a Digest object that defaults to 'MD5'

A minimum of 1000 iterations is recommended.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_pkcs5_keyivgen(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;
    const EVP_MD *digest;
    VALUE vpass, vsalt, viter, vdigest;
    unsigned char key[EVP_MAX_KEY_LENGTH], iv[EVP_MAX_IV_LENGTH], *salt = NULL;
    int iter;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "13", &vpass, &vsalt, &viter, &vdigest);
    StringValue(vpass);
    if(!NIL_P(vsalt)){
        StringValue(vsalt);
        if(RSTRING_LEN(vsalt) != PKCS5_SALT_LEN)
            rb_raise(eCipherError, "salt must be an 8-octet string");
        salt = (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(vsalt);
    }
    iter = NIL_P(viter) ? 2048 : NUM2INT(viter);
    digest = NIL_P(vdigest) ? EVP_md5() : GetDigestPtr(vdigest);
    GetCipher(self, ctx);
    EVP_BytesToKey(EVP_CIPHER_CTX_cipher(ctx), digest, salt,
                   (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(vpass), RSTRING_LEN(vpass), iter, key, iv);
    if (EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, key, iv, -1) != 1)
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);
    OPENSSL_cleanse(key, sizeof key);
    OPENSSL_cleanse(iv, sizeof iv);

    return Qnil;
}
            
random_iv() click to toggle source

Generate, set, and return a random iv. You must call cipher.encrypt or cipher.decrypt before calling this method.

 
               # File openssl/lib/openssl/cipher.rb, line 54
def random_iv
  str = OpenSSL::Random.random_bytes(self.iv_len)
  self.iv = str
  return str
end
            
random_key() click to toggle source

Generate, set, and return a random key. You must call cipher.encrypt or cipher.decrypt before calling this method.

 
               # File openssl/lib/openssl/cipher.rb, line 46
def random_key
  str = OpenSSL::Random.random_bytes(self.key_len)
  self.key = str
  return str
end
            
reset → self click to toggle source

Internally calls EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, -1).

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_reset(VALUE self)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;

    GetCipher(self, ctx);
    if (EVP_CipherInit_ex(ctx, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, -1) != 1)
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);

    return self;
}
            
update(data [, buffer]) → string or buffer click to toggle source

Parameters

data is a nonempty string. buffer is an optional string to store the result.

 
               static VALUE
ossl_cipher_update(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    EVP_CIPHER_CTX *ctx;
    unsigned char *in;
    int in_len, out_len;
    VALUE data, str;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &data, &str);

    StringValue(data);
    in = (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(data);
    if ((in_len = RSTRING_LEN(data)) == 0)
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "data must not be empty");
    GetCipher(self, ctx);
    out_len = in_len+EVP_CIPHER_CTX_block_size(ctx);

    if (NIL_P(str)) {
        str = rb_str_new(0, out_len);
    } else {
        StringValue(str);
        rb_str_resize(str, out_len);
    }

    if (!EVP_CipherUpdate(ctx, (unsigned char *)RSTRING_PTR(str), &out_len, in, in_len))
        ossl_raise(eCipherError, NULL);
    assert(out_len < RSTRING_LEN(str));
    rb_str_set_len(str, out_len);

    return str;
}